مطالعه شبیه سازی اثر عرض کرک در تست سیگنال جریان گردابی موجود
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|10046||2011||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||1885 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, , Volume 15, 2011, Pages 5227-5231
Eddy current testing (ECT) is a widely used non-destructive inspection technique on pipeline. To develop a precise inspection method, the variations of the amplitude and phase of ECT signal should be investigated taking into account crack width. This paper describes 2D axial symmetric numerical analysis of ECT. The stimulation results show when the width of rectangular slot is constant, signal phase has obvious rules related to slot depth. But The ECT signals are seriously influenced by the slot width under the conditions of fixed slot depth. The effect of crack width and depth of pipeline is clarified. Understanding of respective signal characteristics would be useful for more reliable inspection.
Eddy current testing (ECT) has become the most widely applied nondestructive inspection method for steam generator heat exchange tubes in nuclear power plant, the wheel hub of aircraft and so on [1-3]. The results show the phase of ECT signals has a significant reduction with the defect depth in aluminum, stainless steel pipe . However, the defects of actual work piece vary widely, which are certainly different in depth and width of defect. Therefore, it is noteworthy that whether the crack width has influences on the amplitude or phase of detection signals and interferes with people distinguishing between internal and external wall defects. At present, the quantitative evaluations of crack depth have been extensive studied with ECT method [5-6]. G.Cao  explained the diameter changes of via hole would cause the signal phase differences, amplitude and phase can be combined to reasonable evaluate the defect size, but they scarcely discuss the impact of signal on the change of crack width. Z.H.Huang  preliminarily simulated and analyzed the signal changes of steel pipeline defects caused by the depth and width, based on which the eddy current probe has been optimized. However, the results were still not perfect because the range of crack sizes is too small. In this paper the Finite element analysis (FEA) model of inserted ECT is established. The defects of cracks are characterizes with rectangular slot, the impedance changes of eddy current coil are calculated. The phase and amplitude of signals changing with the crack depth are analyzed. It is expected to be helpful for ECT in the engineering practice.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
1) As for eddy current detection of pipelines, when the width of rectangular slot is constant, signal phase is obviously correlated with slot depth. When frequency increases, there is more significant difference in the phase with depth varying. 2) When the rectangular slot depth is constant, changes in width have a greater influence on the detection signal. When the width is smaller, the phase decreases with the width increasing and the amplitude is rapidly increasing, while the width is larger, phase and amplitude stay the same.