|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|100619||2017||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5402 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Building and Environment, Volume 112, 1 February 2017, Pages 241-249
In this paper, objective environmental measurements and subjective questionnaire surveys are conducted in 8 major Chinese airport terminals to investigate Indoor environment quality (IEQ) and explore the relationship between individual IEQ factors and overall satisfaction. The objective measurements show that the qualification rate of indoor thermal environment is above 70%, according to Chinese thermal standard; the average CO2 concentration is controlled between 350Â PPM and 700Â PPM; the average value of natural light illuminance ranges from 300 lx to 500 lx; and the noise intensity stays at a high level, whose average value is between 55Â dB(A) and 70Â dB(A). The analysis of subjective surveys finds the majority of passengers are just satisfied with IEQ in the airport terminals. It is also found that the subjective satisfactory level is highly correlated with the objective environmental measurement. Based on Kano's model, the impacts of individual IEQ factors on overall satisfaction are analyzed. The results indicate âThermal Comfortâ and âSpace Layoutâ are Basic Factors, which have prominently negative influences on passengers' overall satisfaction when they are underperformed. Conversely, âService Facilityâ is Bonus Factor, which means a greater positive effect on overall satisfaction if it performs well. In addition, âAcoustic Qualityâ, âAir Qualityâ and âLightingâ are Proportional Factors, whose impact on overall satisfaction is in linear proportion to its performance.