تجزیه و تحلیل شبیه سازی ابهامات اندازه گیری دوربین مادون قرمز و مسیر پردازش
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|10487||2006||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2044 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Measurement, Volume 39, Issue 8, October 2006, Pages 758–763
The paper deals with simulation analysis of uncertainty of the ThermaCAM 595 infrared camera measurement path and processing algorithm. The uncertainty of the processing algorithm is defined as the measure of the dispersion of the output random variable (the object temperature Tob) around its expected value. It was assumed that inputs of the measurement model are represented by random variables with given functions of the probability density. Further, it was assumed that there are no correlations between inputs. For the analysis purposes it was assumed that the uncertainty of the processing algorithm is modeled by the experimental standard deviation of the output random variable. There are presented results of simulated components of the processing algorithm compound standard uncertainty for two distances between the camera and the object. The results of analysis can be useful in the numerical modeling of temperature distributions.
During our contacts with users of thermovision systems, we were often inquired about the following issue: how to estimate accuracy of thermovision measurements when they have to be applied in the analysis of temperature distribution using the finite difference method (FDM), the finite elements method (FEM) or the boundary elements method (BEM) . The answer on this question is not simple. Therefore we decided to write this paper. It is necessary to emphasize, that the problem is not quite solved in the literature. The authors describe it in a different manner. In this paper, the above problem is solved in accordance with the proposition of recommendation of expression of the measurement uncertainty created by International Bureau of Weights and Measures  and . The paper is the first part of solution of this wide problem and it deals with the case, when the input variables of described measurement model are uncorrelated. The error analysis of the temperature measurement with the use of thermovision system was the subject of ,  and . In this work we conduct simulation analysis of the measurement model sensitivity based on the idea of the processing algorithm uncertainty. For the analysis purposes it was assumed that: (1) The inputs of the measurement model are represented by uncorrelated random variables with given frequency distributions (the influence of correlations between inputs will be concerned in another paper). These variables will be further called input variables. (2) The uncertainty of the processing algorithm is the measure of the dispersion of the output random variable around its expected value. (3) The expected values as well as the dispersion of the inputs are modeled by parameters of these variables’ distributions: the mean and the experimental standard deviation respectively. (4) The sample estimators, i.e. the mean and the experimental standard deviation are consistent and unbiased estimators of the expected value and the standard deviation ,  and . The simulations were carried out using original software developed in the Department of Microprocessor Systems, Control Engineering and Thermal Measurements at the Technical University of Częstochowa. The software was developed using MATLAB 6.5 and employs its built-in functions making possible generation of random variables representing the inputs of the model. In this work we investigate how the values of distributions of five parameters (described further) influence the parameters of the probability distribution of the processing algorithm output. In the simulations uniform distribution was used. The components of the processing algorithm uncertainty associated with contributions from individual inputs on the total uncertainty were determined in the research. The simulations made it possible to estimate of the determined distributions’ parameters on the assumed confidence levels. The results are presented in data tables and graphs.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
1. The greatest effect on the compound standard uncertainty of the processing algorithm has the uncertainty component associated with the emissivity. 2. The smallest effect on the compound standard uncertainty of the processing algorithm have components associated with the humidity and distance. 3. The components of the compound standard uncertainty of the processing algorithm associated with the temperature of atmosphere, emissivity, relative humidity and distance increase along with the object temperature. 4. The component of the compound standard uncertainty associated with the ambient temperature decreases when the object temperature increases. 5.The conclusions given above have an important significance in the practice, due to partial compensation of components (Tatm, Tamb) of the compound standard uncertainty. 6.The component of the compound standard uncertainty associated with the emissivity does not depend on the camera–object distance d. 7. The components associated with the atmosphere temperature, relative humidity and distance, increase along with the distance between camera and object. 8. Analyzing Fig. 2, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 7, Fig. 9 and Fig. 10, we can observe that increasing the distance between the camera and the object, has no significantly effect on the uncertainty of the processing algorithm.