تجزیه و تحلیل و شبیه سازی عوامل موثر حرارتی در دمای نفت خام زمانی که خطوط لوله دوبل در یک خندق گذاشته می شود
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|10568||2013||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4790 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Advances in Engineering Software, Volume 65, November 2013, Pages 23–31
Crude oil pipeline laid with products pipeline in the same ditch is a new technology to save investment and protect environment. In order to provide reference to construction and operation optimization, the majority of this paper investigates the thermal influential factors affecting the crude oil temperature in double pipelines system using the computational fluid dynamics methodology. A two-dimensional rectangular region including the two pipelines is selected as computational domain in this investigation. Heat transfer models are proposed to obtain the temperature field distribution and the crude oil temperature drop. The impacts of pipeline interval, crude oil temperature at the outlet of heating station, diameter of crude oil pipeline and atmosphere temperature have been reasonably captured and analyzed in details.
In the last few years, a new pipe-laying technology, laying a crude oil pipeline and a products pipeline in one ditch, has been used in China in order to save excavation investment and protect environment  and . In western China, more than one thousand kilometers of crude oil pipeline and products pipeline were laid in one ditch, which is the first and only application of this technology in long distance oil transportation in China until now. The main reason for restricting the promoted application of this technology may be the changes of temperature field distribution and crude oil temperature drop, which are key parameters for safe transportation, energy consumption and economic investment. The majority of crude oil extracted in China is either waxy oil with high pour point or high viscosity oil, which brings about enormous pressure-drop consumption. One effective method adopted in transportation is heating the crude oil to a certain temperature at heating station. While the temperature of crude oil decreases along the pipeline due to heat transfer with external environment. So heating stations should be constructed in appropriate positions along the pipeline to keep the temperature of crude oil being above the pour point all the time. Great energy consumption and construction cost are the chief disadvantages of heating transportation , ,  and . If the new pipe-laying technology accelerated the crude oil temperature drop, higher temperature would be reached at heating station or more heating stations would be constructed. It may lose the original purpose of cost savings. Therefore, it is meaningful to investigate and gain a deep understanding of thermal influential factors on crude oil temperature drop when double pipelines are laid in one ditch, and it is important to provide technical support to ensure operation safety and at last, really save energy and investment. Extensive studies have been carried out to investigate the thermal characterization of hot crude oil pipeline , , , ,  and , while few researches are about double pipelines laid in one ditch. Ling et al.  and Yu et al.  and  had simulated the temperature field of double pipelines system and analyzed the effect of pipeline interval and diameter combination on thermal impact. However, there are several points in their studies that do not conform to the actual conditions. Firstly, coupled heat transfer presents between crude oil and soil, which includes convective heat transfer between oil and the inner wall of steel pipe, heat conduction between the inner wall and outer wall of steel pipe, heat conduction between the inner wall and outer wall of insulating layer, heat conduction between the inner wall and outer wall of corrosion protective covering, and the heat emission between the outer wall of corrosion protective covering and the soil. So neglecting the heat conduction in insulating layer is unreasonable, which plays an important role in temperature drop. Secondly, the physical characteristic of crude oil changes with temperature, especially the viscosity, which cannot be seemed as unchanged in transportation. Thirdly, pipelines are usually laid in the same plane bottom of one ditch. So pipeline buried depths of the two pipelines, the depths from the center of pipelines to ground surface, are different. Fourthly, atmosphere temperature also influences the temperature field distribution, especially the extreme cold or hot atmosphere temperature should be considered. Last but not least, the grid used in their research is sparse. A denser grid should be adopted to ensure reliable accuracy. So a more accurate and comprehensive study is needed. Since numerical methods can take more factors into account with fewer assumptions and have advantages of low cost and short research time  and , in this paper, simulation method is proposed to explore the changes of temperature field distribution in double pipelines system. And main factors affecting the crude oil temperature are discussed.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
4. Conclusions CFD analysis has been used to simulate the effects of several key thermal influential factors on temperature field and oil temperature drop when double pipelines are laid in one ditch. From calculation results, following conclusions are drawn. (1) Products pipeline inevitably absorbs heat from crude oil pipeline in the same ditch. And the heat absorption is different at different pipeline intervals. In cold winter, the heat absorption does not increase with the decrease of interval. So proper pipeline interval should be determined by considering the impact of ambient temperature. (2) High temperature crude oil provides great heat for absorbing, and big-diameter pipe provides large area for heat transfer. Therefore, the higher the crude oil temperature at the outlet of heating station, or the bigger the diameter of crude oil pipeline, the more the heat loss of crude oil is. (3) Heat transfer may be in different directions under different atmosphere temperatures. In cold winter, both crude oil pipeline and products pipeline release heat into soil and atmosphere. However, in hot summer, soil absorbs heat from atmosphere and crude oil pipeline, and products pipeline absorbs heat from soil and crude oil pipeline. The lower the atmosphere temperature is, the quicker the temperature of crude oil drops.