تجزیه و تحلیل شبیه سازی ژنراتور قطار پالس مثلثی شکل نوری که بر اساس چهار برابر مدولاسیون RF از ترکیب انتشار فیبر ناشی از محو شدن قدرت بهبود یافته
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|10569||2013||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2874 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Optical Fiber Technology, Volume 19, Issue 6, Part A, December 2013, Pages 574–578
We report an improved approach to generate optical triangular-shaped pulse train using quadrupling RF modulation and fiber dispersion-induced power fading. In the proposal, quadrupling RF modulation (via a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator) is employed to generate four primary optical sidebands (±2nd and ±6th) in spectrum. Then a piece of single mode fiber is connected as the dispersive media. Because of the power degradation induced by fiber dispersion, the undesired 8th order harmonic in optical intensity can be removed. It is found that when the modulation index is adjusted to a proper value (m = 4.438), optical intensity with its expression corresponding to the Fourier expansion of idea triangular-shaped waveform can be found. Since the quadrupling RF modulation technique is employed, repetition rate of the target pulse train is four times of the driving frequency, which makes pulse train generation with higher repetition rate or smaller pulse duration possible.
All-optical processing and manipulation is considered as the key issue in all-optical network. According to recent researches, optical triangular-shaped pulses can be used as the pump source in all-optical conversion, pulse compression and signal copying , ,  and . For example, combined with the cross-phase-modulation (XPM), optical pulses with triangular shape can be used for all-optical conversion of time-division multiplexed to wavelength multiplexed signals . It was demonstrated in Ref.  that optical triangular-shaped pulses can lead to better than twofold performance improvement of wavelength-conversion by using self-phase modulation (SPM) in fiber and offset-filtering. In Ref. , a technique of copying optical pulses in both frequency and time domain and subsequent propagation in a dispersive medium was proposed and demonstrated using optical triangular-shaped pulses pump. Recently, lots of techniques have been proposed to generate optical triangular-shaped pulses , , , , ,  and . One popular approach uses a mode-lock laser (MLL) as the source. For instance, in Ref. , Boscolo et al. propose a prototype of triangular-shaped pulses generator using pulse pre-chirping combined with a single normally dispersive fiber. In Ref. , triangular pulse generation in fiber lasers have been analyzed by Boscolo et al. Then in Ref. , Ye et al. propose a triangular-shape shaping module using two polarization controller and a piece of polarization-maintain fiber. In Ref. , optical pulse shaping method based on temporal coherent synthesization is proposed to generate triangular-shaped pulses. Since the above prototype all use a MLL (or ultrashort pulse laser) as the source, the generated pulses’ repetition rate is highly dependent on the laser source. As to the application in Ref. , pulse train with tunable repetition rate seems to be a better choice. There is another approach using a single continuous-wave (CW) laser as the source. In the prototype, external RF modulation is employed, which makes continuous repetition rate tuning possible. For instance, in Ref.  and , Dai et al. report and analyze a versatile waveform generator based on comb generation. Using this technique, optical triangular-shaped pulses with tunable repetition rate can be generated. Later in Ref. , optical carrier-suppression modulation incorporating fiber dispersion has been proposed to generate triangular-shaped pulse train. The primary principle is to make the expression of optical intensity approximately equal to the Fourier expansion of idea triangular-shaped waveform. It is found that the pulse repetition rate is twice of the driving frequency. In this work, a further improved approach for triangular-shaped pulse train generation is proposed and analyzed, by theory and simulation. In the prototype, a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator (DP-MZM) is employed to replace the original dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator (DD-MZM) in Ref. . One typical DP-MZM can be considered as two single-drive sub-MZMs (MZ-a and MZ-b) embedded in a main-MZM (MZ-c). With appropriate bias control, the DP-MZM can operate at quadrupling RF modulation. Thus four primary optical sidebands (±2nd and ±6th) can be obtained in optical spectrum. Then, by using the dispersion induced power fading in a piece of single mode fiber (SMF), the undesired 8th order harmonic can be removed. This work is first analyzed by theory and then verified by simulation. It is found that with carefully adjustment of the modulation index (m = 4.438), the expression of optical intensity will approximately equal to the Fourier expansion of idea triangular-shaped waveform. Differ from the research in Ref. , this work is based on quadrupling RF modulation technique, thus the repetition rate is four time of the driving frequency, which makes this work a further improved approach when compared to Ref. .
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In summary, an optical triangular-shaped pulse train generation approach has been proposed and investigated by simulation. Such a generator is based on quadrupling RF modulation via a DP-MZM incorporation fiber dispersion-induced power fading. Both theoretical analysis and simulation are carried out to investigate the mechanism. It is found that when the modulation index is set as m = 4.438 and fiber dispersion is adjusted as View the MathML source, the expression of optical intensity will approximately equal to the Fourier expansion of idea triangular-shaped waveform. This proposal might be attractive since triangular-shaped pulse train with repetition rate high up to four time of driving frequency can be obtained.