بهینه سازی عددی از جذب کننده های توده ای تنظیم شده متصل به نوسان ساز Duffing به شدت غیر خطی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|10584||2013||13 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7871 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, Volume 19, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 298–310
We investigate the dynamics of the vertically forced Duffing oscillator with suspended tuned mass absorber. Three different types of tuned mass absorbers are taken into consideration, i.e., classical single pendulum, dual pendulum and pendulum-spring. We numerically adjust parameters of absorbers to obtain the best damping properties with the lowest mass of attached system. The modification of classical case (single pendulum) gives the decrease of Duffing system amplitude. We present strategy of parameters tuning which can be easily applied in a large class of systems.
A tuned mass damper (TMD) was patented by Frahm in 1909 . His device was a linear oscillator which consists of mass and linear spring with the same natural frequency as a damped system. Under this condition one can avoid resonance of main mass, but the decrease of amplitude is observed only around resonant frequency. The next important modification of the TMD was the addition of a dash-pot  which implies the increase of the range of frequencies for which effective suppressing of oscillations is observed. There are a lot of modifications of the classical passive TMD, most of them have important practical applications, i.e., to prevent damage of buildings due to seismic excitation  and , to suppress vibration of tall buildings subjected to wind  and , to achieve the best properties of cutting processes  and , to mitigate vibration of floors or balconies  and , to reach stable rotations of rotors ,  and , or to stabilize drill strings  and many more. Despite the fact that scientists and engineers are working on designing the best passive device, there are also lots of efforts to improve properties of TMD by adding control (hybrid, semi-active and active systems) , , ,  and . The linear TMD decreases oscillations of the main system only around its resonant frequency (also natural frequency of the TMD), but outside this range one can observe an increase of amplitude. The solution of this problem was proposed by Roberstson  and Arnold . They replaced linear spring of the TMD by the nonlinear one (with linear and nonlinear parts of stiffness). This resulted in the improvement of damping properties when compared with the classic design. In recent years much more attention was paid to the possibility of purely nonlinear spring implementation ,  and . The authors show that with such a spring there is no prominent damped frequency and the TMD works in wide range of excitation frequencies. Simultaneously with improving the TMD Hatwal et al. ,  and  proposed the device called a tuned mass absorber (TMA) where the linear (nonlinear) oscillator is replaced by a pendulum. As the natural frequency of a pendulum depends only on its length, it is much easier to tune it in practical applications. The pendulum is used as the TMA independently on the excitation direction, in horizontal case the pendulum is oscillating for any frequency while for vertical direction only in its parametric resonances. The dynamics of the TMA with vertical forcing of the base mass was considered in a few papers , , , , , , , , , ,  and . Presented analysis allows to understand the dynamics and the response of the main mass around primary and secondary resonances of the pendulum. In our previous paper  we presented complete bifurcation analysis of the TMA applied to forced Duffing oscillator in two parameters space (the amplitude and the frequency of excitation). We showed oscillatory and rotational periodic solutions (internal resonances) and their coexistence. The same phenomena were also observed for systems where main mass is oscillating horizontally , ,  and  and for combined veritcal and horizontal excitation . The recent important studies on the TMD and the TMA take into account devices that consist of many single systems or with more than one degree of freedom. In , ,  and  one can find an application of multiple TMD with natural frequencies distributed over a defined range of frequencies. Such a construction damps the motion of the primary system more effectively than single TMD. Another advantage of multiple TMD is the reduction of the mass of individual TMD. Alternative construction of multiple TMD is connecting them in series: linear oscillators , linear and nonlinear systems  and purely nonlinear devices . All three approaches give better damping properties than single TMD. There are also a lot of publications on the multiple TMA. Starting from works of Vyas and Bajaj  and , where authors increase efficiency of TMA by differentiation pendulums lengths. Significant advantages of this set up was confirmed experimentally by Ikeda . As in the case of TMD one can find many different construction of multidegree TMA, i.e., rotational pendulums TMA  and  or the TMA with rotational and translational movements . The connection of pendulums in series (double pendulum) is efficient  but causes a lot of practical problems – its dynamics is very complex and one can not be sure that desired attractor will be achieved  and . In this paper we consider three different types of TMA suspended on the forced Duffing oscillator. The purpose of our analysis is to study and compare energy absorption properties of each system. We show that by careful choice of parameters one can achieve large decrease of Duffing system amplitude. In Section 2 we show models of systems under consideration. Section 3 is devoted to optimization of single TMA parameters. In Sections 4 and 5 we show how modifications of classical TMA influence damping efficiency. Finally, in Section 6 we conclude on our investigations.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In this paper we present three different types of TMA. We compare them and optimize numerically their parameters to obtain the best damping properties. We show that with careful tuning of damping coefficient, masses and mass distribution between pendulums and pendulum/mass on the spring one can achieve large decrease of Duffing amplitude. Now, we test our optimized parameters for systems with much larger excitation amplitude. We show the FRC plots for Duffing system without TMA and with three considered types of TMAs for FD=0.0002 (Fig. 8(a, b)) and FD=0.001 (Fig. 8(c, d)), all the other parameters of the systems are the same in both cases. The increase of excitation makes strong nonlinear character of Duffing system much more noticeable – large curvature of FRC. The continuous line indicates the FRC of Duffing oscillator without TMA, then dashed-dotted, dashed and dotted the FRCs of Duffing oscillator with single pendulum, dual-pendulum and pendulum-spring TMA respectively. The black and gray lines correspond to stable and unstable periodic orbits respectively. In all cases the change of stability occurs by saddle-node bifurcation.Fig. 8(a) shows the summary of results obtained for FD=0.0002 (considered in whole paper). For Duffing oscillator without TMA periodic solutions along the FRC become unstable in the narrow range of excitation frequency, but for Duffing system with any type of TMA all periodic solutions along the FRC are stable. In classical case (the single pendulum TMA) for m1D=0.05 the maximum amplitude of structure oscillations represents 6% of maximum amplitude of Duffing system without TMA (for Duffing oscillator FRC plot see Fig. 5(a)). For dual-pendulum (with total dimensionless mass m=0.05) this value decreases to 4.5%. Finally, for pendulum-spring system this value is equal to 4.0%. In Fig. 8(c) and (d) the excitation amplitude is five times larger (FD=0.001) and one can observe that Duffing system without TMA becomes unstable and stabilizes after attaching TMA similarly to the case with smaller excitation. The single pendulum TMA reduces amplitude of structure oscillations to 7% of maximum amplitude of Duffing oscillator without TMA, then for dual-pendulum system and pendulum spring we observe the same percentage reduction (6%). Pendulum-spring dynamic absorber gives the best damping properties but it has more complicated design and can be hard to implement in practical applications. As mitigation effect is almost the same as for dual-pendulum we think that the best solution is multiple pendulums TMA. Moreover, such a design enables minimization of oscillating masses of pendulums’ rods. The optimization procedure has been performed for small amplitude of excitation, where the hardening behavior of Duffing oscillator is slightly visible. Nevertheless, the optimal TMA has similar energy extraction properties for much larger values of excitation amplitude. This allow us to claim that the optimization procedure is robust and the TMA tuned for low amplitude is also very effective for high excitations, where the hardening effect is clearly visible.