بر اثر هزینه های عملیاتی رسمی: شواهد تجربی جدید
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|106063||2017||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Labour Economics, Volume 45, April 2017, Pages 143-157
This paper analyzes the impact of the elimination of the initial fixed costs of business registration on the decision of informal firms to operate formally in BogotÃ¡, Colombia. The Chamber of Commerce of BogotÃ¡ (CCB) conducts workshops for prospective formal-sector entrants and arranges personalized meetings for them with CCB agents. The CCB's decision to significantly reduce the transaction costs of registration and the entry into force of Act No. 1429 of 2010, which eliminated the costs of the initial procedure for registering as a formal enterprise and provided tax exemptions during the first years after formalization, provided us with an ideal natural experiment for studying how the elimination of the initial fixed costs of formalization would influence firmsâ decision to operate formally or not. We obtained two important results. First, while a workshop treatment had no effect on firmsâ formalization decisions, meetings at the firm with CCB agents raised the likelihood that a business would begin to operate formally by 5.5 percentage points for all the firms that were invited, at random, to participate in this segment of the intervention and by 32 percentage points for the firms that accepted the invitation. Second, the effect on the treated firms did not persist over time. In fact, after a year of formal operation, the effect disappeared. These results indicate that substantial reductions in the fixed costs of operating formally are not an effective means of influencing formalization choices, since such reductions had no lasting effect on formalization decisions.