دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 10857
عنوان فارسی مقاله

اقتصاد کلان ایتالیا: یک چشم انداز منطقه ای

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
10857 2004 18 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The macroeconomics of Italy: a regional perspective
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Policy Modeling, Volume 26, Issues 8–9, December 2004, Pages 927–944

کلمات کلیدی
- سیاست های اقتصاد کلان - امور مالی ایتالیایی - همگرایی منطقه ای -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله اقتصاد کلان ایتالیا: یک چشم انداز منطقه ای

چکیده انگلیسی

In this contribution we show that the dualistic nature of the Italian economy has been, and still is, crucial for the design of short- and long-run macroeconomic policies, concerning unemployment, income growth and public finance. We establish the seriousness of the dualistic process of Italian regional development using several approaches. We then considered the regional nature of the Italian unemployment and show that it has profound implications for short- and long-run policies. In particular, we find that an aggregate price–unemployment relationship must be rejected. Different values of equilibrium unemployment rates for the main macro-regions of Italy are found and short-run policy implications discussed. We then consider how this heterogeneity relates to the design of growth-promoting policies. Lastly, we present evidence in favor of the importance of the missing growth of the Italian southern regions for the evolution of the Italian public finance.

مقدمه انگلیسی

In this contribution we show that the dualistic nature of the Italian economy has been, and still is, crucial for the design of short- and long-run macroeconomic policies, concerning unemployment, income growth and public finance. We establish the seriousness of the dualistic process of Italian regional development using several approaches. We then considered the regional nature of the Italian unemployment and show that it has profound implications for short- and long-run policies. In particular, we find that an aggregate price–unemployment relationship must be rejected. Different values of equilibrium unemployment rates for the main macro-regions of Italy are found and short-run policy implications discussed. We then consider how this heterogeneity relates to the design of growth-promoting policies. Lastly, we present evidence in favor of the importance of the missing growth of the Italian southern regions for the evolution of the Italian public finance.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

The dualistic nature of the Italian economy, where a prosperous north coexists with a less developed south, is a well-known and deeply analyzed case study. Nevertheless, with some important exceptions,1 its implications with respect to the design of fiscal and monetary policies have not been very much emphasized. This fact might be due to the traditional dichotomy between long-run and short-run policy analysis that only very recently has been questioned (Topel, 1999 and Aricó Fabio, 2003), or to the optimistic view about the Italian regional development (Barro & Xavier Sala-I-Martin, 1991).2 Nevertheless, as far as this last issue is concerned, the styled facts emerging in the recent literature have been quite less reassuring. All contributions3 conclude that the per capita income of the Italian regions stopped converging at the beginning of the 1970s and start diverging again from the 1980s onward. There is, however, a general consensus in the literature that per worker regional productivity has been converging during the same period, perhaps a fact that might partially explain why convergence is not at the top of the policy agenda. In the proceeding we first consider the Italian convergence process to evaluate the seriousness of the “dualism” of the Italian economy and questioned the alleged stylized fact of per worker productivity convergence. Still the question is: does the dualistic regional growth process matter when considering the short-run, as well as long-run, policy design concerning unemployment, long-run growth and public finance? In trying to find an answer to this question, we analyze the Italian unemployment and show the importance of considering its regional dimension and how this approach influences long- and short-run policy design. Finally we explore the issue of the Italian public finance from a regional perspective to show that the dualistic regional development is central to explain its dynamics. In detail, Section 2 presents the stylized facts on the Italian dualism and regional convergence. Section 3 analyzes the issue of regional unemployment and its relationship with inflation and regional growth. Section 4 examines the public finance problems of Italy from a regional perspective. Section 5 summarizes and concludes.

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