دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 11631
عنوان فارسی مقاله

یک مدل برای شبیه سازی سیستم های تولید با ابعاد کنترل

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
11631 2003 24 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
A model for manufacturing systems simulation with a control dimension
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, , Volume 11, Issue 1, 15 March 2003, Pages 21-44

کلمات کلیدی
سیستم های تولید -      کنترل صنعتی -      تصمیم گیری -      مدل سازی و شبیه سازی -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله یک مدل برای شبیه سازی سیستم های تولید با ابعاد کنترل

چکیده انگلیسی

The objective of this article is related to the potential improvement of computer simulation as applied to manufacturing systems. Through our contacts with the operational environment, we have observed that simulation is not used to its full potential. One remark is that existing tools are not adapted to modelling the decision process: they fall short of offering effective integration into the control process of production. Control is usually limited to scheduling and does not lend itself to practical application. In order to enhance the capabilities of computer simulation and make it more responsive to today’s industrial needs, we present a way of introducing such control into simulation by pursuing generic and applicable concepts. The core concepts that constitute the framework of our research are a global structure supporting the co-ordination and co-operation relations; a local structure presenting a typology of industrial control adapted to our needs; a control centre, the main concept used to introduce control into simulation. The modelling language used is UML and the model is implemented using the object-oriented language JAVA. An industrial application was carried out in the company Alcatel with the help of the Apollo platform.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Simulation is widely used in the world and therefore it is very familiar [12]. The most important reasons and advantages of simulation methodology for modelling manufacturing systems are that: • realistic models are possible, they are a practical approach to representing the important characteristics of a manufacturing system and may incorporate any complex interactions that exist between different variables; • options may be considered without direct system experimentation and alternative designs can be easily evaluated, independently of the real system; • a computer simulation models ability to directly address the performance measures typically used in a real system; • non-existent systems may be modelled; • visual output helps and assists the end-user in model development and validation; • no advanced mathematics is required; • analytical methods are perceived to be unhelpful by management or may require over-simplification. Law and Kelton [27] summarise some reasons for the spectacular increase in the use of simulation in the field of manufacturing systems as follows: • automated systems are so complex they can typically be analysed only by simulation; • computing costs have been reduced by microcomputers and engineering workstations; • improvements in simulation software have reduced model development time, thereby allowing for more timely manufacturing analyses; • the availability of animation has resulted in a greater understanding and use of simulation by engineering managers. The use of simulation for manufacturing systems design and analysis is rightfully recognised by scientists and industrial managers and the literature is abundant in this field. We can refer to several subjects: productivity analysis [36], Just-In-Time system design [44], comparison of two kinds of line management [9], flexible hybrid assembly system analysis [40], automated overhead warehouse system description [31], business process modelling [21]… Traditionally, simulation has been used for offline decision-making. One of the limitations of its use for online decision-making is the considerable amount of time spent in gathering and analysing data. Consequently, this has resulted in decision-makers relying on simulation primarily for offline decision support and not for the critical online decision-making that may arise. In real-time control, the three key issues are data acquisition, quick response and instantaneous feedback. The major components of online simulation systems generally consist in a data acquisition module, a simulation model and a cell controller. Over recent years, some articles have been published in this field. However, most of them only concern scheduling problems. At the beginning of the 1990s, online simulation was used in a work order release mechanism for flexible manufacturing systems [33]. Rogers and Flanagan [37] developed a framework for an online simulation system for real-time scheduling. Rogers and Gordon [38] discussed the use of discrete event simulation as a component in real-time decision-making tools for manufacturing systems control, focusing on dynamic scheduling decisions. Jacobs and Lauer [23] proposed an operational enhancement to current job shop scheduling systems. Abdallah [1] used a knowledge-based simulation model for job shop scheduling. Some articles analysed scheduling heuristics and rules combinations [13], [15], [20] and [30]. In more recent literature, some studies concerned loading problems [35] and [42], work-in-process inventory drive systems [43], real-time scheduling of batch systems [25], local rules theory [19]… However, in order to overcome some limits of simulation methodology, researchers developed hybrid approaches integrating other techniques such as intelligent simulation [11], neural networks [22] and [41] genetic algorithms [24], fuzzy logic [8], experimental designs [7]… The literature on manufacturing systems simulation consulted, reinforces our conviction that simulation is a technique that still has a lot of underexploited potentialities. Thus, the objective of our research is related to the potential improvement of computer simulation as applied to manufacturing systems. Among the current limits of simulation, existing tools fall short of offering effective integration into the control process of production. In order to enhance the capabilities of computer simulation and make it more responsive to today’s industrial needs, the task was to find a way of introducing such control into simulation by pursuing generic and applicable concepts. This is what we are proposing in this article which is organised as follows: Section 2 introduces the potentialities and limits of manufacturing simulation; Section 3 presents a systemic analysis of manufacturing systems and proposes a conceptual approach for simulation modelling; Section 4 specifies the modelling approach; Section 5 describes the UML model and implementing approach and Section 6 summarises the study breakthroughs.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Simulation is widely used in the world and therefore it is very familiar [12]. The most important reasons and advantages of simulation methodology for modelling manufacturing systems are that: • realistic models are possible, they are a practical approach to representing the important characteristics of a manufacturing system and may incorporate any complex interactions that exist between different variables; • options may be considered without direct system experimentation and alternative designs can be easily evaluated, independently of the real system; • a computer simulation models ability to directly address the performance measures typically used in a real system; • non-existent systems may be modelled; • visual output helps and assists the end-user in model development and validation; • no advanced mathematics is required; • analytical methods are perceived to be unhelpful by management or may require over-simplification. Law and Kelton [27] summarise some reasons for the spectacular increase in the use of simulation in the field of manufacturing systems as follows: • automated systems are so complex they can typically be analysed only by simulation; • computing costs have been reduced by microcomputers and engineering workstations; • improvements in simulation software have reduced model development time, thereby allowing for more timely manufacturing analyses; • the availability of animation has resulted in a greater understanding and use of simulation by engineering managers. The use of simulation for manufacturing systems design and analysis is rightfully recognised by scientists and industrial managers and the literature is abundant in this field. We can refer to several subjects: productivity analysis [36], Just-In-Time system design [44], comparison of two kinds of line management [9], flexible hybrid assembly system analysis [40], automated overhead warehouse system description [31], business process modelling [21]… Traditionally, simulation has been used for offline decision-making. One of the limitations of its use for online decision-making is the considerable amount of time spent in gathering and analysing data. Consequently, this has resulted in decision-makers relying on simulation primarily for offline decision support and not for the critical online decision-making that may arise. In real-time control, the three key issues are data acquisition, quick response and instantaneous feedback. The major components of online simulation systems generally consist in a data acquisition module, a simulation model and a cell controller. Over recent years, some articles have been published in this field. However, most of them only concern scheduling problems. At the beginning of the 1990s, online simulation was used in a work order release mechanism for flexible manufacturing systems [33]. Rogers and Flanagan [37] developed a framework for an online simulation system for real-time scheduling. Rogers and Gordon [38] discussed the use of discrete event simulation as a component in real-time decision-making tools for manufacturing systems control, focusing on dynamic scheduling decisions. Jacobs and Lauer [23] proposed an operational enhancement to current job shop scheduling systems. Abdallah [1] used a knowledge-based simulation model for job shop scheduling. Some articles analysed scheduling heuristics and rules combinations [13], [15], [20] and [30]. In more recent literature, some studies concerned loading problems [35] and [42], work-in-process inventory drive systems [43], real-time scheduling of batch systems [25], local rules theory [19]… However, in order to overcome some limits of simulation methodology, researchers developed hybrid approaches integrating other techniques such as intelligent simulation [11], neural networks [22] and [41] genetic algorithms [24], fuzzy logic [8], experimental designs [7]… The literature on manufacturing systems simulation consulted, reinforces our conviction that simulation is a technique that still has a lot of underexploited potentialities. Thus, the objective of our research is related to the potential improvement of computer simulation as applied to manufacturing systems. Among the current limits of simulation, existing tools fall short of offering effective integration into the control process of production. In order to enhance the capabilities of computer simulation and make it more responsive to today’s industrial needs, the task was to find a way of introducing such control into simulation by pursuing generic and applicable concepts. This is what we are proposing in this article which is organised as follows: Section 2 introduces the potentialities and limits of manufacturing simulation; Section 3 presents a systemic analysis of manufacturing systems and proposes a conceptual approach for simulation modelling; Section 4 specifies the modelling approach; Section 5 describes the UML model and implementing approach and Section 6 summarises the study breakthroughs.

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