تروما و روان در دوران کودکی: فراتر از انجمن
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|117505||2017||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Child Abuse & Neglect, Volume 72, October 2017, Pages 227-235
Childhood traumas have been extensively associated with the development of psychotic disorders. However, our understanding of processes underlying this relationship remains poor. In order to address this issue, we examined which specific aspects of childhood trauma are significantly associated with a first episode of psychosis. 109 patients with first episode of psychosis and 145 controls representative from general population were recruited in three centers in France. Child experiences of care and abuses allowed obtaining information about types of childhood trauma, age at first exposure, identity of perpetrator, and social support. Odds ratio were calculated for each of these aspects, adjusted for age, sex, and education. Sexual and physical abuses (ORÂ =Â 2.26 (1.19â4.32)), and separation from one or both parents (OR ranging from 1.94 to 3.17; all significant) are significantly associated with an increased risk to present a first episode of psychosis. Furthermore, separation from mother occurring before age of 4 (ORÂ =Â 5.96 (1.24â28.77)), and sexual and physical abuses perpetrated by someone other than parents (ORÂ =Â 4.61 (1.66â12.80)) were also associated with an increased risk of first episode of psychosis. Finally, social support was significantly associated with a decreased risk to develop psychotic disorders (OR ranging from 0.33 to 0.42; all significant). Together, these findings suggest that some but not all aspects of childhood trauma are related to a significant risk to develop a first episode of psychosis.