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|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|11811||2012||4 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3157 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, Volume 61, Issue 1, 2012, Pages 179–182
For many companies, mass-customized products have become the de facto standard products. For these companies, “non-standard” or “customized” means products that even the most sophisticated of product or process configuration tools for parameterized product families cannot define in advance. Products like this need a design-to-order production environment (DTO). This paper starts by presenting industrial examples that need the quickest and most efficient engineering process before releasing the customized manufacturing order. It then goes on to examine the organizational requirements, methods and tools that support a fast and efficient DTO process that comes close to the needs of mass customization.
According to [1, chapter 3.5.2], mass customization (MC) is a production principle that emphasizes customized products that do not cost more than mass-produced products. Product and process configurators and parameterized product families play a key role in MC . MC is now widely used, especially in sectors such as construction, machinery and equipment, the automotive sector and fashion ,  and . Product configurators were being used as early as the late 1970s . Their full benefits came to light in the late 1980s, through the parameterized description of product families, including in CAD/CAM software . This made it possible to quickly show the customer a virtual product at the quote stage, and to then produce a production order and program the CNC machines. Although MC products are nearly all physically different, many companies that consider MC usage to be one of their core competencies view their MC products as standard products. This is because they can all be produced using an MTO process (make-to-order). “Non-standard” or “customized” are terms that refer to products that cannot be described with the configurator, and thus need a DTO (design-to-order) environment. The customers’ requirements here, in terms of speed and cost, are not as stringent as for standard (MC) products, but they are close to MC requirements. This area of customization in product manufacturing is addressed by this paper. It first gives some industrial examples of the construction and machinery sector, and then addresses the organizational requirements to enable a DTO process to work quickly and efficiently. It then concentrates on current and innovative tools that can be used when firms (as most do) maximize their use of the configurator in generating their DTO products, and thereupon implement a DTO process. New methods, so-called modular-generative methods, which include the reuse of parameters and the commonality of parameterized component families, support fast and efficient DTO processes.