پردازش تصویری در درایورهای متخصص: چه چیزی باعث می شود کارشناسان راننده متخصص؟
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|120012||2018||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Volume 55, May 2018, Pages 353-364
The aim of this study is to measure some visuo-cognitive mechanisms of expert drivers, and compare them to experienced, competent and novice drivers as a way of gaining an understanding of how expert drivers might differ from non-expert drivers. Instead of driving-related stimuli, we used non-driving visual and cognitive tasks that theoretically should underlie good driving skills, such as scanning the environment for targets, tracking multiple objects, identifying unexpected objects and tendency towards intrusive thought patterns. This design should minimise the influence of top-down factors such as familiarity, allowing us to focus more on stimulus-driven influences. We demonstrated that expert drivers performed better than non-expert, novice and young-competent drivers in tasks designed to reflect on-task performance such as continuous performance and task-intrusive-thoughts. However, in visual search, noticing the unexpected object in Inattentional Blindness (IB), and multiple object tracking in IB, expert drivers were the same as the two younger driver groups. The results suggest that â in driving at least â expertise is qualitatively different from experience, and driving expertise may be partially derived from superior skill in underlying core visuo-cognitive constructs. This finding is important for understanding driver training programs, but also in understanding the âbackward transferenceâ of expertise to underlying cognitive-perceptual networks.