|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|120524||2017||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 91, August 2017, Pages 18-25
Previous findings on the dysfunction of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are controversial, and the molecular mechanisms underlying such dysfunction remain unclear. We analyzed the methylation status of the NR3C1 1F promoter and the expression of glucocorticoid receptor-Î± isoform (GRÎ±) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMBCs), the basal cortisol level in serum, and a functional neuroendocrine marker for GR sensitivity in the PMBCs in 64 patients with current GAD and 85 healthy controls. We found that patients with GAD had significantly elevated levels of morning basal serum cortisol (PÂ <Â 0.0001) and diminished GR sensitivity in the PBMCs (PÂ <Â 0.0001) compared with healthy controls. The overall methylation levels across NR3C1 1F promoter (PÂ <Â 0.0001) and percent methylation at each of the 5 CpG sites including CpG12, 21, 30, 31, and 32 (PÂ <Â 0.001) significantly increased. Accordingly, the mRNA levels of GRÎ± significantly decreased (PÂ <Â 0.0001) in the PBMCs in patients with GAD compared with healthy controls, with the effects specific in patients without childhood traumatic experience. Moreover, both serum basal cortisol levels and GR sensitivity in the PBMCs were negatively correlated with the overall methylation levels of the NR3C1 1F promoter (PÂ <Â 0.0001) and positively correlated with GRÎ± mRNA levels (PÂ =Â 0.007) in the PBMCs. In sum, our study revealed the increased activity of the HPA axis and diminished peripheral glucocorticoid responsiveness of GR underlying episodes of GAD. Furthermore, such dysfunction of the HPA axis is associated with both increased DNA methylation of NR3C1 1F promoter and decreased GRÎ± expression.