|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|121788||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9106 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 84, January 2018, Pages 26-34
Mediators fall into several different categoriesâsocial cognitive, perceptual, affective, and most recently, experiential. The purpose of the current investigation was to determine whether a putative experiential mediator (child and adolescent maltreatment) was capable of mediating temporal continuity in two variables that have traditionally been viewed as stable predictors of delinquencyânamely, callous-unemotional (CU) traits and low self-control. Based on the assumption that CU traits and low self-control are significantly more predictive of delinquency than maltreatment, it was hypothesized that the past CUâfuture CU and past low self-controlâfuture low self-control relationships would be mediated by child and adolescent maltreatment. This assumption and hypothesis were tested by prospectively cross-correlating maltreatment, CU traits, low self-control, and delinquency in 2034 children from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II). Results indicated that CU traits and low self-control outperformed maltreatment in predicting delinquency, whereas maltreatment mediated the past low self-controlâfuture low self-control relationship but not the past CUâfuture CU relationship. Further analysis revealed that the two pathways were significantly different from one another and that of the four individual paths examined, only the path running from CU traits to maltreatment failed to achieve significance. Hence, while child and adolescent maltreatment places a child at risk for low self-control and CU traits, only low self-control increased a child's odds of future maltreatment. These results have implications for both theory (reciprocal effects) and practice (delinquency prevention).