|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|122002||2017||7 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4630 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Neuroscience Letters, Volume 638, 18 January 2017, Pages 76-82
The effects of melatonin on spatial memory deficits in Alzheimerâs disease (AD) have been thoroughly investigated. Our previous study demonstrated that melatonin rescues hippocampus-dependent spatial memory deficits by arresting hippocampal pathological progression in an animal model of AD, which occurs via the inhibition of GSK3Î² and an increase in c-Fos. Based on the interaction between the amygdala and hippocampus, it is important to determine whether melatonin also improves amygdala-dependent emotional memory to understand the mechanism of melatonin amelioration of memory deficits in AD. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) is essential for the processing of emotions, including cued fear conditioning and anxiety. In the present study, we intraperitoneally injected Tg2576 mice with melatonin for 4 months and measured amygdala-dependent emotional memory using cued fear conditioning and a step-down passive avoidance test; the expression of c-Fos, Arc, phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) and other related genes were subsequently measured using Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot in BLA. Our findings suggest that melatonin ameliorates amygdala-dependent emotional memory in AD via up-regulation of the pCREB/c-Fos pathway.