مسائل تجمع در برآورد برنامه ریزی خطی بهره وری اقدامات
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|12257||2012||19 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5474 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Applied Economics, Volume 15, Issue 1, May 2012, Pages 169–187
This paper demonstrates the sensitivity of the linear programming approach in the estimation of productivity measures in the primal framework. Specifically, the sensitivity to the number of constraints (level of dis-aggregation) and imposition of returns to scale constraints is evaluated. Further, the shadow or dual values are recovered from the linear program and compared to the market prices used in the ideal Fisher index approach. Empirical application to U.S. state-level time series data from 1960–2004 reveal productivity change decreases with increases in the number of constraints. Divergence in productivity measures is observed due to the choice of method imposed, various levels of commodity/input aggregation, and technology assumptions. Due to the piecewise linear approximation of the nonparametric programming approach, the shadow share-weights are skewed leading to the difference in the productivity measures due to aggregation.
The linear programming (LP) approach has gained popularity since the early 1990s due to its ability to impose little a priori functional form, handle multiple outputsinputs without the need of price data, and accommodate weak and strong disposability assumptions. However, the LP approach, due to its piecewise linear approximation of the technology or theoretical frontier, is conditioned by the number of decision making units (DMU) and the number of constraints (in our case the level of input and output aggregation) in the model. The sensitivity of LP efficiency measures due to output and input aggregation has been established (Thomas and Tauer 1994; Tauer and Hanchar 1995; and Shaik 2007) and referred to as the “curse of dimensionality” problem (see, e.g., Thanassoulis et al. 2008: 320). The “curse of dimensionality” problem associated with an increase in the number of constraints (or level of disaggregation), leads to an increase or decrease in the number of reference points resulting in a decrease or increase in the efficiency and productivity measures. These aggregation issues have been addressed in the literature (Blackorby and Russell 1999; Färe and Zelenyuk 2003; and Simar and Zelenyuk 2003) with the use of dual input, output prices. However, explaining the aggregation issue in the primal framework without the explicit or implicit use of dual or shadow price is challenging.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This paper examines the sensitivity of nonparametric programming productivity measures to the choice of commodity/input aggregation and imposition of CRS/VRS technology compared to the traditional ideal Fisher index approach using U.S. statelevel data from 1960-2004. The importance of share-weights in explaining the sensitivity of the nonparametric productivity measures is illustrated by comparing the implicit shadow shares recovered from the dual values of the linear programming constraints in the OMP and MTFP programming methods to the observed shares of the ideal Fisher index.