دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 12375
عنوان فارسی مقاله

مفهوم شبکه ای از استراتژی کسب و کار: هیچ کسب و کار یک جزیره نسبت

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
12375 2006 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
No business is an island: The network concept of business strategy
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Scandinavian Journal of Management, Volume 22, Issue 3, September 2006, Pages 256–270

کلمات کلیدی
- شبکه - استراتژی - محیط زیست - تعامل - کارایی
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله مفهوم شبکه ای از استراتژی کسب و کار: هیچ کسب و کار یک جزیره نسبت

چکیده انگلیسی

The purpose of this article is to explore the contributions that could be made to the conceptual frame of reference for business strategy management by one of the research programmes which focuses on the organization–environment interface, and to which a network approach has been applied. We start by examining some of the assumptions underlying the current “strategy management doctrine”. The network model of the organization–environment interface is then reviewed and three central issues of the strategy management doctrine are discussed from the viewpoint of the network model: (1) organizational boundaries, (2) determinants of organizational effectiveness, and (3) the process of managing business strategy. The conclusion reached is that in all three areas changes are required in the assumptions of the business strategy model. Our arguments stem from a basic proposition about the situations described by the network model: continuous interaction with other parties constituting the context with which the organization interacts endows the organization with meaning and a role. When this proposition applies, any attempt to manage the behaviour of the organization will require a shift in focus away from the way the organization allocates and structures its internal resources and towards the way it relates its own activities and resources to those of the other parties constituting its context. Such a shift in focus entails a somewhat different view of the meaning of organizational effectiveness: what does it depend on and how can it be managed?

مقدمه انگلیسی

Looking back over what has happened in the study of business organization over the last 20 years, we can see that two major trends emerge quite clearly. Firstly, there has been a growing interest in business strategy and how it is managed. Secondly, a shift can be noticed in the focus of organizational theory away from the internal processes of organizations and towards the organization–environment interface. Both trends have produced valuable new insights and have advanced our understanding of the behaviour of business organizations. There is an interesting contraposition between the two fields of research. Organizational theory studies which focus on the interface between the organization and its environment have tended to conclude that the individual organization is often embedded in its environment and that its behaviour is thus greatly constrained if not predetermined, which means that it is not a free and independent unit. In contrast to this, research on strategy management has been concerned with the opportunities for directing and managing the behaviour of the individual organization, consequently assuming that the organization possesses a certain degree of freedom of choice. Cross-fertilization between the two fields of research has so far been limited, possibly because of this difference in perspective. The purpose of this article is to explore the contribution that could be made to a conceptual frame of reference for business strategy management by one of the research programmes which focuses on the organization–environment interface, and to which a network approach has been applied. We start by examining some of the assumptions underlying the current “strategy management doctrine”. The network model of the organization–environment interface is then reviewed and three central issues of the strategy management doctrine are discussed from the viewpoint of the network model: (1) organizational boundaries, (2) determinants of organizational effectiveness, and (3) the process of managing business strategy.

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