دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 129183
کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
129183 2017 28 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 7776 کلمه
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عنوان انگلیسی
Beyond education and income: Identifying novel socioeconomic correlates of cigarette use in U.S. young adults
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Preventive Medicine, Volume 104, November 2017, Pages 63-70

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چکیده انگلیسی

Young adulthood is defined by transitions in family life, living situations, educational settings, and employment. As a result, education and income may not be appropriate measures of socioeconomic status (SES) in young people. Using a national sample of young adults aged 18–34 (n = 3364; collected February 2016), we explored novel socioeconomic correlates of ever cigarette use, past 30-day cigarette use, and daily cigarette use, weighted to account for non-response. Measures of SES assessed current education, household income, employment status, and subjective financial situation (SFS) and childhood SES (maternal and paternal education, SFS during childhood, parental divorce before age 18). Parental smoking during childhood was examined in sensitivity analyses. The highest prevalence of ever cigarette use was in young adults whose parents divorced before age 18 (57% vs. 47% overall). In general, current education, subjective financial status, and parental education were inversely correlated with past 30-day and daily cigarette use in bivariate analyses. In multivariable Poisson regression models controlling for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and other SES measures, lower education and poorer SFS were most strongly correlated with ever and past 30-day cigarette use. Lower maternal education emerged as the strongest correlate of daily smoking, conferring a twofold higher prevalence of daily smoking compared to maternal education of a Bachelor's degree or greater. Current household income was not a strong predictor of any cigarette use outcome. Novel measures like SFS may improve estimates of socioeconomic disadvantage during this developmental stage.

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