دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 132739
کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
132739 2017 11 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 7072 کلمه
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عنوان انگلیسی
Motivational Interviewing to prevent dropout from an education and employment program for young adults: A randomized controlled trial
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Adolescence, Volume 58, July 2017, Pages 1-11

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چکیده انگلیسی

This study tested the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing for improving retention at a “second chance” program in the United States for unemployed young adults who had not graduated high school (ages 18–24; 60% male). We investigated how Motivational Interviewing effects might be mediated by change talk (i.e., arguments for change) and moderated by preference for consistency (PFC). Participants (N = 100) were randomly assigned to (1) Motivational Interviewing designed to elicit change talk, (2) placebo counseling designed not to elicit change talk, or (3) no additional treatment. Motivational Interviewing sessions increased change talk, but did not increase program retention or diploma earning. PFC was a significant moderator of Motivational Interviewing's impact on program retention; Motivational Interviewing was most effective at increasing 8 week retention for high PFC participants, and least effective for low PFC participants. These results suggest that Motivational Interviewing could be a useful tool for improving retention in education and employment programs, but clinicians should be attentive to how participant characteristics might enhance or diminish Motivational Interviewing effects.

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