دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 13514
عنوان فارسی مقاله

جغرافیا، بهداشت، و سرعت توسعه دمو اقتصادی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
13514 2008 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
Geography, health, and the pace of demo-economic development
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of Development Economics, Volume 86, Issue 1, April 2008, Pages 61–75

کلمات کلیدی
گذار جمعیتی - جغرافیا - بهداشت - تغذیه - اختلاف صلیب کشور
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله جغرافیا، بهداشت، و سرعت توسعه دمو اقتصادی

چکیده انگلیسی

This paper investigates the impact of subsistence consumption and extrinsic and intrinsic causes of child mortality on fertility and child expenditure. It offers a theory for why mankind multiplies at higher rates at geographically unfavorable, tropical locations. Placed into a macroeconomic framework this behavior creates an indirect channel through which geography shapes economic performance. It is explained why it are countries of low absolute latitude where we observe exceedingly slow (if not stalled) economic development and demographic transition.

مقدمه انگلیسی

As for every species, survival of humans is easier in some regions of the world and harder in others. In particular tropical regions – defined by an absolute latitude below 23.5° – provide an unfavorable location for a child to survive whereas survival is almost certain at latitudes of 40° and higher. This fact is visualized in Fig. 1.a which shows for 137 countries average absolute latitude against the probability for a child to survive its fifth birthday.1

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

The model offers an explanation for the observation that the pace of demographic transition is influenced by geographic location. In particular at tropical locations the pattern of demographic transition can look very differently compared to the experiences of the Western world. In fact, focussing on population growth alone, ongoing demographic transition can be so exceedingly slow that it looks like stagnation within a reasonable time-window (of, say, 50 years). Because it is visually indistinguishable, the situation may mistakenly be identified as poverty trap. In order to demonstrate these results, we consider the following experiment. Suppose there are three countries sharing the parameters of preference for consumption, family size, and child expenditure with the U.S. calibration from Fig. 4. Assume identical technologies for all three countries: α = 0.8 and gA = 0.04%. Given the low rate of technological progress, the population grows initially at a low equilibrium rate of 0.2% everywhere. The three countries differ in their extrinsic child survival rates, parameterized by b ∈ {0.004, 0.0025, 0.002}.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.