یک مدل فنی و اقتصادی برای استفاده از سیستم های پمپ گرمایی زمین گرمایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|135197||2017||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy Procedia, Volume 142, December 2017, Pages 2611-2616
For more than five decades, geothermal heat pumps have been used to provide low grade geothermal energy for heating/cooling purposes. Though the geothermal energy of the earth is free, the heat pump in charge of upgrading the lower grade heat runs on relatively expensive electric power. Therefore, in short-and-long-term, the economic feasibility of each geothermal heating project is directly dependent on the balance between energy savings and energy costs; heat versus electricity. While energy savings are usually evaluated based on the heat flux provided on the resource side, the electricity consumption is significantly affected by the overall Coefficient of Performance of the heat pump. Also, an important factor affecting the operating costs and therefore the economic feasibility of a geothermal heat pump will be the price gap between heat and electricity. On another aspect, the economic feasibility of a geothermal heat pump system can drastically vary based on its site-specific requirements. In the absence of proper guidelines for analyzing the feasibility of geothermal heat pump systems, application of such systems may lead to huge financial risks. Therefore, there is a fundamental need for development of a comprehensive but simple engineering tool with which the feasibility of application of geothermal heat pump systems can be evaluated. The present study identifies non-dimensional parameters based on which the feasibility of a geothermal project can be effectively assessed. The selected set of parameters is then used to develop an economic model to quantify the economic indicators such as energy costs, savings, revenues and internal rates of return. Field data from a real-life engineering project is incorporated into the model to evaluate the techno-economic feasibility of this case. Based on the results of this study, geothermal heat pump applications are categorized into infeasible, weakly-feasible, fairly-feasible and strongly-feasible.