جاده های پایدار در پارک ملی سرنگتی: - ساخت و نگهداری جاده های سنگی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|135204||2017||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Computer Science, Volume 121, 2017, Pages 329-336
All weather road networks in protected areas are important to facilitate management of wildlife, routine park operations and to facilitate tourist accessibility to the attractions sites and hence improving their satisfaction. However, road construction in protected areas should be sustainable in terms of availability of quality materials within economic haulage distance and the entire construction, operation and maintenance process should have less environmental impacts like habitat fragmentation and dust pollution. Several studies have been done in protected areas concerning roads but most of them had concentrated on the ecological impacts of roads. Few studies have been done from the engineering perspective of sustainable construction and maintenance of roads. Thus, the purpose of this study is to assess the sustainability and challenges of construction and maintenance of gravel roads in protected areas. To accomplish objectives of these study four types of data were collected in Serengeti National Park (SENAPA). The data collected were from soil material test in the existing borrow pits, traffic volume counting, document study and interview with fifty (50) road stakeholder. Results show that the current poor performance of the studied road sections may be due to lack of financial and human resources, quality gravel materials and existing traffic volume. This study will contribute to the sustainable construction of road networks in protected areas through identifying possible challenges of road construction and maintenance and give the way forward for improvement.