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|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|1369||2013||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||2690 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Air Transport Management, Volume 27, March 2013, Pages 29–33
This paper looks at the calculation of composite flight hours used input to performance benchmarking of European air navigation service providers. The way the en-route part of the composite flight hours is obtained, potentially rewards busy air navigation service providers serving larger airports with additional composite flight hours, thus making them more productive and financially cost-efficient. We also examine the financial effect of the methodology and link it to economic cost-effectiveness.
European air traffic management (ATM) has emerged as relatively inefficient and costly compared to other similar systems in the world (Eurocontrol, 2012a). In 1998 The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL), established the Performance Review Commission (PRC), supported by the Performance Review Unit (PRU), to facilitate more efficient management of the European ATM and to introduce strong, transparent and independent performance review and target setting. In December 2010, the European Commission adopted a decision establishing EU-wide performance targets for the provision of air navigation services for 2012 to 2014. PRU ATM cost-effectiveness (ACE) benchmarking, is seen as one of the main inputs for determining the EU-wide cost-efficiency target to play a major role in the assessment of national/functional airspace blocks performance plans (Eurocontrol, 2011 and Eurocontrol, 2012b). In turn, it will be used by the European Commission to set the first priorities for Member States to revise their individual performance plans. For benchmarking purposes PRU established the following key performance indicators (KPIs): (a) Financial cost-effectiveness – European air traffic management/communication, navigation, surveillance (ATM/CNS) provision costs per composite flight hour with the sub-set of KPIs: • Air traffic control officer (ATCO) hour productivity – efficiency with which an ANSP utilizes the ATCO man-power; • ATCO employment costs per ATCO hour; • ATCO employment costs per composite flight hour; • Support costs per composite flight hour; (b) Forward looking Cost-Effectiveness – forward looking plans and projections for five years; (c) Economic cost-effectiveness, taking into account both financial cost-effectiveness and quality of service (air traffic flow management ground delays, airborne holding, horizontal flight-efficiency and the resulting route length extension, vertical flight-efficiency and the resulting deviation from optimal vertical flight profile). As composite flight hours (CFH) are common used as denominators for benchmarking the financial cost-effectiveness, ATCO hour productivity, ATCO employment costs per CFH and support costs per composite flight hour, they can have a significant impact on results of any benchmarking exercise.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
EUROCONTROL introduced CFH to provide objectivity in ANSP gate-to-gate benchmarking. However, because of the way the CFH are defined, its validity may be impaired, especially from 2007 when EUROCONTROL allowed that EFH also include time spent in terminal manoeuvring areas and thus include airborne holdings. By adding the time spent in holding patterns, or other delaying actions, the amount of CFH per ANSP can increase significantly, making some ANSPs appear much more productive and cost effective than they are. Alternatively, holdings and delaying actions for sequencing directly translate into delays that, according to Eurocontrol (2004), cost airlines around €72 (adjusted to €82 by the PRU) per minute of flight. Finally, with reductions in aircraft airborne holdings for airspace users benefit, particular in terms of ANSP's CFHs, will decrease in the benchmark, resulting in reduced ATCO productivity and worsen the financial cost-effectiveness of service provision.