|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|137954||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8705 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy Research & Social Science, Volume 36, February 2018, Pages 61-69
The South African Department of Energy launched the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers Procurement Program (REIPPPP) in 2011 to secure additional renewable energy generation capacity for South Africaâs national electricity grid. The procurement framework included expenditure targets to drive socio-economic (SED) and enterprise development (ED) in local communities, together with requirements related to job creation through local employment as well as local community shareholding . The article explores the opportunities opened up for alternative configurations of urban energy governance given the emergence of new dispersed and decentralised socio-technical infrastructure and the accompanying place-based investments by Independent Power Producers (IPPs). What follows is first an analysis of the relationship between the spatial realities of energy transitions and the political dynamics of the urban. Thereafter the article presents an exploration of the developmental implications of the programme together with three scenarios which might contribute towards enhancing the development outcomes of the REIPPPP, integrating IPPs into local economies or building sustainable energy democracies. In this way, we try to demonstrate how the expansion of utility scale renewable energy infrastructure might catalyse the emergence of new âspatial imaginariesâ  and the possibility of building ânew forms of collective lifeâ  in South Africa.