|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|138482||2018||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6589 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Energy, Volume 149, 15 April 2018, Pages 675-683
The objective of this study is the development and evaluation of two models to predict instantaneous exhaust emissions of CO2, NOx, particle number concentration and geometric mean diameter in accumulation mode (30â560â¯nm) and in nucleation mode (5.6â30â¯nm) of a 2.0 euro 4 diesel engine fueled with pure diesel and animal fat in different proportions. To acquire data for training, validation and testing, 4 repetitions of the urban part of the New European Driving Cycle and 5 steady-state conditions (15, 30, 50, 70 and 100â¯km/h) were reproduced in a dynamic engine test bench. The used prediction models were Artificial Neural Networks and Symbolic Regression. Vehicle speed and acceleration, engine speed and torque, air intake temperature, boost pressure, mass air flow and fuel consumption were used as inputs variables. Artificial Neural Networks provided a R2 for testing dataset equal to 0.91, 0.78, 0.87 and 0.81 for CO2, NOx, number of particles in accumulation mode and geometric mean diameter, respectively. Symbolic regression showed a R2 of 0.91, 0.82, 0.87 and 0.82 for the mentioned pollutants. Particle number concentration in nucleation mode presents low correlation with the considered inputs due to the variability of the formation process of this particle mode.