محل سکونت منطقه ای از شعبه های شرکت های چند ملیتی و کمک به توسعه اقتصادی: شواهد از مقیاس UKSmall استخراج از معادن، فقر و توسعه اقتصاد
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|13884||2009||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9913 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of World Business, Volume 44, Issue 2, April 2009, Pages 180–191
The regional location of multinational corporation (MNC) subsidiaries in their host country and their associated entrepreneurial output and networking activities are likely to affect their economic development contribution, measured in terms of technology and management know-how transfers; enhancement of innovativeness of other firms; and company spinoffs. This theme has considerable research and public policy value. We investigate the issue drawing from a large-scale study of 264 MNC subsidiaries based in the UK. The findings show that activities in developed regions are associated with higher economic development contribution than those in less developed regions. Moreover, entrepreneurial output and networking with partners external to the MNC system positively affect economic development contribution. Key implications of this study are that entrepreneurship critically influences economic development contribution, underlying the importance of the MNC subsidiary research stream; and that the policy practice of supply-side measures fostering entrepreneurial output and embeddedness in local networks seems to be appropriate to pursue.
In this article, we investigate the effect of the regional location, in which subsidiaries of multinational corporations (MNCs) are based, on economic development contribution in their host country. Towards this goal, we provide empirical evidence from a large-scale study in the UK, distinguishing between developed and less developed regions in this advanced economy. Moreover, we explore the effects of entrepreneurial output and networking of MNC subsidiaries on contribution to economic development. The examination of entrepreneurial output is essential in as much as locations in a developed or less developed area can be connected to different entrepreneurial and innovative activities. Likewise the examination of networking is required since these activities are implemented by MNC subsidiaries through embeddedness in organisational networks of dissimilar regions. Therefore, our research objective is to investigate to what extent the location of MNC subsidiaries in a region, and their associated entrepreneurial outputs and networking activities, matter for economic development contribution to the host country. The economic development contribution in this article is defined as comprising technology and management know-how transfers; enhancement of innovativeness of other firms; and company spinoffs in the country. These long-run dynamic contributions of MNC subsidiary activities are contrasted with short-run static benefits, the latter referring to capital formation, employment, trade and the balance of payments (Dunning & Lundan, 2008).
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
In our article, we sought to examine the association between location, entrepreneurial output, internal and external networking of MNC subsidiaries, on the one hand; and their contribution to economic development, on the other. Towards this direction we provided evidence from 264 subsidiaries operating in the UK. Our evidence suggests that the economic contribution of MNC subsidiary activities in developed regions is higher than that in less developed regions; and that entrepreneurial output and external networking positively contribute to economic development. These findings have considerable implications for research and public policy.