کسب و کار یا اوقات فراغت؟ توسعه اقتصادی و محافظت از منابع مفاهیم و شیوه ها در اکوتوریسم پایدار
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|13911||2009||5 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 52, Issue 7, July 2009, Pages 390–394
Ecotourism has proven to be an effective concept in the sustainable utilization of natural resources and development of various communities. Often regarded as an economic justification for resource conservation, ecotourism is providing a concept that is easily understood and appreciated by local communities and stakeholders. However, ecotourism is still a business methodology that can be subjected to misunderstanding, abuse and misrepresentation which could also lead to negative environmental and sociocultural impacts. Thus, environmental concepts coupled with social, cultural, and economic considerations should be developed and practiced by institutions wishing to utilize ecotourism as a conservation tool. These concepts would include optimizing the environmental and socioeconomic benefits while at the same time, prevent or minimize compromising the ecological and social values in the destinations. Some of the often-cited concepts include the determination of carrying capacity and the prevention of economic leakage supposedly brought in by the tourism industry. Also introduced in the paper is the concept of the firewalls of ecotourism wherein the introduction of different protection and conservation components is instituted in the operation of ecotourism sites. Ecotourism has been helping save whales, dolphins, birds, turtles and fragile ecosystems. This is made possible by the fact that ecotourism provides the tangible economic aspect of conservation. However, the same recreation industry can also undo the gains of true ecotourism development through irresponsible tourism development and lack of conceptual frameworks to help guide the destination managers. To help drive sustainable resource utilization through ecotourism, there is a consistent need to develop and apply concepts and practices designed to help protect the resources from the potential impacts of the travel industry.
Even in the early stages of modern tourism, it has been recognized, although with varying levels of ambiguity, that the industry should be able to contribute to environmental conservation in view of the fact that it benefits largely from the natural resources in many destinations. The role of the tourism industry in environmental conservation, sustainable resource utilization, and socioeconomic equity was given concrete representation when the term ecotourism was coined in the mid-1980s. Other terms such as Alternative Tourism, Nature Tourism, Low Impact Tourism were actually experimented on before ecotourism was largely accepted by both the environment and tourism sectors as the most palatable term that can be used to justify or champion the continued use of natural areas for recreation.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
Ecotourism has proven to be an effective environmental conservation tool. But it is a tool that when mistakenly or wrongly utilized, could actually create detrimental conditions to the natural areas. Thus, there is a need to put across the right and effective concepts of ecotourism to the tourism and environmental sectors, and the local communities who are at the forefront to either protect or harvest whatever is left of the natural environment.