بهینه سازی تجربی یک برج اسپری برای حذف آمونیاک
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|140262||2018||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Atmospheric Pollution Research, Available online 9 February 2018
Spray tower scrubbers ordinarily have low air resistance and gas removal efficiency. Although packed-bed wet scrubbers are efficient in gaseous contaminants treatment, a significant limitation of packed-bed wet scrubbers is that they have high pressure drop and primary costs. Appropriate features of the nozzle play an important role in system cost, efficiency, low operational costs, and optimization of spray towers. Operating pressure, nozzles size, and number of nozzles could increase mass transfer and removal efficiency and decrease investment and save operational costs. The objective of the present study was to develop a spray tower through optimization of the design and operating parameters for removal ammonia emissions from the air streams. Spray tower design parameters included nozzle type, number of stages of spray nozzle, and operating parameters such as operating pressure and inlet NH3 concentration. Among the studied parameters, only increasing ammonia concentration was in inverse proportion to the spray tower efficiency. The spray tower was optimized as equipped with an 8010SS spray nozzle with three stages working together, spraying 0.01% H2SO4 scrubbing liquid counter-current to the air stream with operating pressure of 12â¯bars and inlet NH3 concentration of 24.1â¯ppm. The highest removal efficiency was 97.92% at an 8010SS spray nozzle with three stages working together, H2SO4 solution, pressure 12â¯bars and inlet ammonia concentration of 24.1â¯ppm. The results of this study demonstrated that caustic spray tower could be a very effective technology for removal of NH3 from air stream.