تحقیق در مورد نقش حمل و نقل راه آهن شهری در توسعه اقتصادی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|14054||2011||6 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||3050 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Procedia Engineering, Volume 21, 2011, Pages 520–525
Urban rail transit becomes the important mean for developing urban economy, improving industrial structure and raising citizens’ living standard for its great social and economic effects. With the growth of economy, its role of boosting domestic demand and driving economic growth has been more obvious. And it will become the major impetus for fueling green GDP growth and promoting urban sustainable development. This paper, from the urban sustainable development point of view, analyzes the social property and economic property of urban rail transit, and points out the direct effect and indirect effect on economic development by the urban rail transit construction. And advices about urban rail transit construction have been put forward in this paper.
Urban rail transit (URT for short) is an important component of public transit system in urban fundamental facilities. Viewing from the practical urban progress of all countries, rail transit becomes a major urban transit tool in developed countries and regions for its advantages such as mass transit capacity, fast speed, safety and reliability, punctuation and comfort. It is widely favored by citizens. Currently, most international modern cities have considerable scale of rail transit routes which have gradually become the first choice of transport tool by citizens, and the major mean for popularizing “Pubic Transport Tool First” policy by government. With its social property and economic property,
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
As URT is a systematic and scientific project, the support and cultivation to it is not a one day work. Both unilateral policy support and solely investing fiscal capital can neither realize its sustainable development, nor give full play of its maximum economic and social potential. The government should allow and encourage it to utilize more economic rules and market means to form self-satisfaction function, so as to promote its stimulation effect on economy, while providing support to the major operator of URT. A few advices are provided as follows: (1) Great attention should be paid to the capital investment on primary development stage of URT. Viewing from the experience of URT operation in major cities in the world, the major financing comes from governmental investment. Take Hong Kong Subway, the most successfully operated subway, as an example, the subway company gradually goes to the market under the great input and support by the government in the primary stage. It is finally listed after 25 years of development, becoming a successful subway operation example which has realized sound development on its own.