دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 14284
عنوان فارسی مقاله

تاثیر فرهنگ بر زمان بندی بازار در انتخاب ساختار سرمایه

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
14284 2013 15 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 9630 کلمه
خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.
عنوان انگلیسی
The impact of culture on market timing in capital structure choices
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Research in International Business and Finance, In Press, Corrected Proof, , Available online 23 September 2013

کلمات کلیدی
فرهنگ -      ساختار سرمایه -      زمان بندی بازار -      بازارهای مالی بین المللی -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله تاثیر فرهنگ بر زمان بندی بازار در انتخاب ساختار سرمایه

چکیده انگلیسی

This study uses Hofstede's (2001) cultural dimensions to investigate the impact of market reception on capital structure. We examine the interaction of these dimensions with stock returns, our proxy for market timing. Based on our market leverage results, we find evidence that firms do engage in market timing by reducing their leverage ratios when their share prices increase. Furthermore, we find that firms in countries with high uncertainty avoidance and high power distance have lower market leverage ratios and that these cultural dimensions serve to reduce the impact of market timing. These results are consistent for developed markets but mixed for emerging markets. On a book leverage basis, the results are generally consistent but less conclusive. To the extent that culture impacts manager perception of risk and investor reception of newly issued shares, we conclude that cultural dimensions impact the degree to which a firm can modify its capital structure to take advantage of perceived market mispricings.

مقدمه انگلیسی

Evidence suggests that firms may issue equity when their shares are trading at high values and then repurchase when shares are perceived to be undervalued. According to Graham and Harvey (2001), over 62% of CFOs surveyed responded that an important factor affecting the firm's decision to issue common stock is whether the firm's share price has risen recently, indicating that they would consider timing the sale of shares at “high” prices (p. 216). Alti and Suleiman (2012) find evidence to support such market timing behavior, but only when the high stock returns are accompanied by investor demand. They suggest that market reception plays an important role in whether high stock returns will motivate firms to seek equity financing. Capital structure decisions based on market timing have been tested several ways, including examining (1) the performance of IPOs, (2) the behavior of insiders, and (3) the relationship between returns or market-to-book values and capital structures. Applying the first approach, Ritter (1991) identifies “windows of opportunity” where firms launch IPOs when they are overvalued, leading to subsequent underperformance of the shares due to mispricing. Loughran and Ritter (1995) identify long-run underperformance of IPOs and seasoned equity offerings (SEOs), also suggesting that firms issue stock when the shares are overvalued. In a second line of research, Chazi and Tripathy (2007) examine insider trading as it relates to capital structure. Their work follows Agrawal and Madelker (1987) who find that insider holdings increase with debt-equity ratios. Baker and Wurgler (2000) take the third approach, examining capital structure in light of stock returns and find that higher proportions of equity precede declining stock returns. A second study by Baker and Wurgler (2002) finds that managers issue equity when shares exhibit relatively high market-to-book ratios, suggesting that firms “time” the markets by issuing equity when shares are overvalued. Our study extends the literature on the market timing hypothesis by examining the relationship between stock returns and capital structure across an international sample of firms. We use Hofstede's (2001) cultural dimensions to investigate the impact of market reception on capital structure. We also investigate the interaction of these cultural dimensions with stock returns, which we use as a proxy for market timing. Our primary research question is whether firms in cultures that exhibit high uncertainty avoidance and high power distance experience the same market timing phenomenon as firms in cultures with low uncertainty avoidance and low power distance. To the extent that culture impacts investor reception of newly issued shares, we expect these cultural dimensions to impact the degree to which a firm can modify its capital structure to take advantage of perceived market mispricings. Our findings lend support to the market timing theory of capital structure. In particular, we find that annual market returns are negatively and significantly related to market leverage ratios. The negative impact appears to be tempered, however, for firm in countries that exhibit high uncertainty avoidance and high power distance. These findings are robust for firms in developed markets, but the results are mixed for firms in emerging markets. The remainder of our study is organized as follows: Section 2 reviews the prior literature, Section 3 presents the hypotheses, and Section 4 describes the data and methodology. Section 5 discusses the results and Section 6 concludes.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

Our study tests the market timing hypothesis of capital structure by examining the relationship between stock returns and capital structures across an international sample of firms. We use Hofstede's (2001) cultural dimensions to investigate the impact of market reception on capital structure and we investigate the interaction of these dimensions with stock returns, our proxy for market timing. Based on our market leverage results, we find evidence that firms do engage in market timing by reducing their leverage ratios when their share prices increase. Furthermore, we find that firms in countries with high uncertainty avoidance and high power distance have lower market leverage ratios and that these cultural dimensions serve to reduce the impact of market timing. These results are consistent for developed markets but mixed for emerging markets. On a book leverage basis, the results are generally consistent but less conclusive. To the extent that culture impacts manager perception of risk and investor reception of newly issued shares, we conclude that cultural dimensions impact the degree to which a firm can modify its capital structure to take advantage of perceived market mispricings.

خرید مقاله
پس از پرداخت، فوراً می توانید مقاله را دانلود فرمایید.