دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 14466
عنوان فارسی مقاله

رفتار بازارهای مالی در سراسر قسمتهای تغییرات بزرگ در موقعیت مالی

کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
14466 2009 19 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید محاسبه نشده
خرید مقاله
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عنوان انگلیسی
Financial markets’ behavior around episodes of large changes in the fiscal stance
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : European Economic Review, Volume 53, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 37–55

کلمات کلیدی
ثبات سازی مالی - توسعه مالی - نرخ بهره - قیمت بازار سهام -
پیش نمایش مقاله
پیش نمایش مقاله رفتار بازارهای مالی در سراسر قسمتهای تغییرات بزرگ در موقعیت مالی

چکیده انگلیسی

Using a panel of OECD countries from 1960 to 2002, this paper shows that interest rates, particularly those of long-term government bonds, decrease when countries’ fiscal position improves and increase around periods of budget deteriorations. Stock market prices surge around times of substantial fiscal tightening and plunge in periods of very loose fiscal policy. In addition, the paper shows that results depend on countries’ initial fiscal conditions and on the type of fiscal consolidations: Fiscal adjustments that occur in country-years with high levels of government deficit, that are implemented by cutting government spending, and that generate a permanent and substantial decrease in government debt are associated with larger reductions in interest rates and increases in stock market prices.

مقدمه انگلیسی

In the last 40 years, periods of large fiscal expansions alternated with years of sharp fiscal contractions in all OECD countries. These episodes have been associated with a variety of macroeconomic outcomes and have attracted the interest of macroeconomists since the early nineties. Several papers have studied the response of private consumption, private investment and GDP growth to substantial changes in the government budget while less is known about the reaction of financial markets around episodes of large fiscal contractions and expansions.1 Moreover, theory and empirical evidence have not yet delivered clear-cut predictions on the impact of fiscal policy shocks on interest rates and stock market prices.2 These considerations, together with the importance of the topic for European and US policymakers, call for additional work on the link between fiscal policy and financial variables and motivate the present paper. In particular, the goal of this paper is to investigate empirically the behavior of government and corporate bonds interest rates, of the LIBOR, and of stock market prices in times of large changes in the fiscal stance. The paper identifies periods of large fiscal contractions and expansions in a panel of OECD countries from 1960 to 2002 and it focuses on changes in interest rates and stock market prices from before to after the periods of large changes in fiscal policy.3 By following this empirical approach, the paper answers the following questions: (i) Do changes in the budget deficit affect financial markets? (ii) Do countries’ initial levels of government deficit and public debt matter for the reaction of financial markets to fiscal shocks? (iii) Does the composition of the government budget affect financial variables? (iv) What role do macroeconomic conditions and other economic policies play? (v) Do financial markets react in anticipation of more/less favorable fiscal conditions in the future? Results suggest that sharp changes in the stance of fiscal policy have the largest and most significant impact on long-term interest rates of government bonds. Interest rates of 10-year government bonds decrease, on average, by 124 basis points around episodes of fiscal consolidations and increase by 162 basis points during periods of loose fiscal policy. Fiscal consolidations and expansions also affect interest rates of 3-months Treasury bills and interest rates measuring borrowing costs for consumers and firms, but results are less robust to specifications’ changes. Stock market prices increase when countries’ fiscal position improves and decrease during periods of budget deteriorations. Finally, there is evidence that the effects of fiscal consolidations depend also on countries’ initial fiscal position and on the nature of fiscal contractions. Fiscal adjustments that occur in country-years with high levels of government deficit, that are implemented by cutting government spending and that generate a permanent and substantial decrease in government debt are associated with larger reductions in interest rates and increases in stock market prices. Instead, around periods of fiscal expansions the interest rates of 10-year government bonds and of corporate bonds increase and stock market prices decrease regardless of countries’ initial fiscal conditions. The contribution of this paper to the existing literature goes beyond documenting the behavior of financial markets around episodes of large changes in the fiscal stance. The paper also provides additional evidence on the impact of fiscal policy shocks on financial variables by focusing not only on interest rates of governments’ bonds (as most of the contributions in the literature do), but also on interest rates charged to consumers and firms and on stock market prices. Finally, this paper adds to the literature that investigates why some fiscal consolidations (expansions) have been associated with economic booms (recessions) even in the very short-run while others have not. The rest of the paper is organized as follows. Section 2 presents the data and describes the methodology used to identify episodes of fiscal contractions and fiscal expansions. Section 3 investigates the relation between large fiscal contractions and expansions, interest rates and stock market prices, discusses the results and relates them to the implications of relevant theory. Section 4 extends the analysis of the benchmark models to account for countries’ initial fiscal conditions, characteristics of fiscal consolidations and expansions, macroeconomic conditions, other economic policies, and future fiscal policy conditions. The last section concludes.

نتیجه گیری انگلیسی

This paper concentrates on episodes of large fiscal consolidations and expansions occurred in OECD countries from 1960 to 2002 and shows that interest rates fall and stock market prices increase around episodes of fiscal consolidations; the opposite occurs around periods of fiscal expansions. In addition, the paper suggests that financial markets’ response to large changes in the fiscal stance depends on countries’ initial fiscal positions and on the nature of fiscal contractions. Fiscal adjustments that occur in country-years with high levels of government deficit, that are implemented by cutting government spending, and that generate a permanent and substantial decrease in government debt are associated with larger reductions in interest rates and increases in stock market prices. In the sample of fiscal contractions, results are robust to controlling for inflation, GDP growth and indicators of monetary and financial liberalization policies. In the sample of fiscal expansions, results are somewhat less robust to specification changes.

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