رفتار گله ای در مدل های گسترش اطلاعات وزن محور برای بازار مالی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|14475||2008||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||4336 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Volume 387, Issue 26, 15 November 2008, Pages 6605–6612
We study two weight-driven information spreading models for financial market. In these models, we find that the activity threshold below which the ‘financial crash’ occurs can be increased by uneven distribution of information weight, compared with Eguíluz and Zimmermann model [V.M. Eguíluz, M.G. Zimmermann, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 (2000) 5659]. We also find that below the threshold the normalized return distribution, P(Z;Δt)P(Z;Δt) satisfies P(Z=0;Δt)∼exp(−Δt/b)P(Z=0;Δt)∼exp(−Δt/b) whereas P(Z=0;Δt)∼Δt−τP(Z=0;Δt)∼Δt−τ above the threshold. Here ΔtΔt is the time interval where the normalized return is defined, Z(t,Δt)=Z(t+Δt)−Z(t)Z(t,Δt)=Z(t+Δt)−Z(t). By approximating the relative increase of P(Z;Δt=1)P(Z;Δt=1) for large ZZ as Gaussian distribution with non-zero mean, we show that the non-zero mean of the Gaussian distribution can cause such exponentially decaying behavior of P(Z=0;Δt)P(Z=0;Δt).
The analysis of financial systems using standard methods developed in physics has a long tradition  and has recently been one of the active research areas in physics . Much of the research interest of physicists has been mainly focused on the analysis of stock markets  and  and foreign exchange markets  due to the large amount of accessible data. Among those empirical studies, the most remarkable finding is that many different markets share universal properties. For example, the fat-tailed distribution of returns ,  and , long-term volatility correlation ,  and  and herding behavior  and  have been observed in many different markets , , , , , ,  and . The existence of such universal nature in many different markets is striking and suggests that those markets should be governed by the similar underlying mechanisms. In order to investigate the universal phenomena observed in many real markets, many microscopic models such as percolation model  and Ising-like spin models  have been developed. Among those studies, Eguíluz and Zimmermann (EZ) recently proposed an interesting model to investigate the relationship between the transmission of information and herding behavior . In EZ model, groups of agents are dynamically formed by random dispersion of information. The agents in the same group make the same decision for trading activity which cause the herding behavior. EZ showed that when the information dispersion is slower than the trading activity the return distribution follows a power-law. On the other hand, if the information dispersion is much faster than the trading activity then the relative increase in the distribution of extremely high return is observed. This relative increase of return distribution is known to be related to the financial crashes ,  and . As shall be seen in Section 2 we indeed find that the relative increase in the return distribution is observed during the 9.11 crash. This implies that the information dispersion rate plays a very important role in the market dynamics. Although the EZ model succeeded to explain many interesting features of the financial market, there are still many important factors which are not reflected in the model. In particular, the “value” or “weight” of information that each agent has should be different from agent to agent in real markets. A certain piece of information is more important than the others. Moreover, the value of information can be changed with time by combining with other piece of information. The cooperation between agents or individuals should be affected by the value of the information to maximize their profit. In order to investigate the effects of different weights of information, we assume that the profit is proportional to the weight of information for simplicity. Based on this assumption, we introduce two weight-driven information spreading models. One has time independent weight of information. The other one has dynamically changing weight as a result of synergetic cooperation among the agents. From the numerical simulations, we find that the financial crash can occur with higher activity rate compared to EZ model. We also suggest a novel criterion to determine activity threshold below which the financial crash occurs by analyzing the return distribution. This paper is organized as follows. In Section 2 we provide empirical measurement of return distribution during financial crash. In Section 3 two information spreading models are introduced. And the simulation results are given Section 4. Summary and discussions are presented in the last section.