مطالعه راه حل های پاسخگو در آب و هوا در خانه های سنتی شهر بوشهر در جنوب ایران
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|144759||2018||33 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Building Engineering, Volume 16, March 2018, Pages 169-183
The present study aims to identify climate-responsive solutions used in traditional dwellings of Bushehr, a city in south west of Iran, and analyze the effects of these solutions in thermal comfort and energy consumption of these buildings in comparison to the modern ones. After selection of the sample buildings and short-term field measurements from local climate throughout the year, the field data collected was used in simulation and comparison of the traditional and the contemporary sample buildings. All buildings were simulated with Design Builder software under natural ventilation conditions as a passive solution in moderate periods of the year while split air-conditioning systems were used during hot and humid periods. The findings show that shading, proper materials in exterior walls and natural ventilation in traditional dwellings are the primary factors in improving comfort conditions and reducing cooling loads; and accordingly, discomfort hours decreased by 12â34% and the cooling energy consumption was also reduced by 26â46% in these dwellings. Better thermal comfort and less energy consumption in traditional dwellings of Bushehr show that the integrated climate-responsive solutions used in these dwellings have well-responded to the local climate characteristics in this city and have contributed to the formation of climate-responsive buildings in the severe climate conditions of this region. Today it is possible to reuse these buildings as residential spaces with satisfactory thermal comfort conditions and less energy consumption compared to the contemporary ones and the solutions used in these dwellings can also be used to design new climate-responsive buildings.