دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 145151
کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
145151 2018 50 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 20804 کلمه
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عنوان انگلیسی
Backfiring with backhaul problems
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Journal of International Economics, Volume 111, March 2018, Pages 81-98

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چکیده انگلیسی

Trade barriers due to transport costs are as large as those due to tariffs. This paper incorporates the transport sector into a standard model of international trade and studies the effects of trade and industrial policies. Transport firms need to commit to a shipping capacity sufficient for a round trip, with a possible imbalance of shipping volumes in two directions. This imbalance is known as the “backhaul problem.” As transport firms attempt to avoid this problem, a tariff in one sector may affect other independent import and/or export sectors. In particular, domestic tariffs may backfire: domestic exports may also decrease, harming domestic export sectors and the domestic economy. This finding contributes to the literature on how import liberalization may generate a positive effect on the liberalizing country's exports by identifying a new channel through endogenous changes in transport costs given the backhaul problem.

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