|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|146879||2018||12 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8358 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Volume 53, February 2018, Pages 143-154
This study aims to evaluate the usability of the forward collision warning (FCW) system as adopted by the statistical quality control (SQC) chart design concepts on driversâ car following behaviors and task performance. A total of 48 highly aggressive and 48 less aggressive drivers participated in a two (aggressive driving: high vs. low; between-subjects) by two (driving workload: high vs. low; within-subjects) by three (the FCW system: five-stages vs. X-bar vs. X-bar plus exponentially weighted moving-average (EWMA) control charts; between-subjects) mixed-factorial simulation experiment. The driversâ behaviors, response time to divided attention (DA) tasks, as well as subjective workload and trust ratings were collected. Findings showed that drivers with the FCWâs assistance improved their car-following behaviors and that the FCWs with the SQC chart design concepts showed better results than the five-stage system. Drivers who used both SQC FCWs performed correspondingly in their car-following behaviors. However, the X-bar FCW aided drivers in responding to DA tasks much faster, and drivers felt less stressed and had more trust in using the X-bar FCW system than those who used the X-bar + EWMA FCW system.