دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 147128
کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
147128 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 5697 کلمه
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عنوان انگلیسی
Four Criteria for Design Theories
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : She Ji: The Journal of Design, Economics, and Innovation, Volume 3, Issue 1, Spring 2017, Pages 65-74

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چکیده انگلیسی

The goal of this paper is to demonstrate that the adoption of the four criteria we outline will strengthen future design theories and encourage existing design theories to expand or reconfigure in useful directions. We propose four criteria for design theory creation and evaluation. These are (1) the theory should have substantial design applications, and be applicable to any topic; (2) the theory should use propositions—if-then language—as a way of describing, explaining, and predicting actual and existing aspects of designing; (3) where appropriate, a new theory should accept and adopt propositions and language contained in other design theories; and (4) the theory should accommodate, or at least acknowledge, generative activity. We are not proposing a new general design theory—this paper outlines a strong approach to studying and building theory. Please also note that this essay does not pretend to exhaust a topic that has been discussed for at least the last 50 years.

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