معماری ناتوانی در آفریقا به عنوان یک پروژه توسعه کمک: طراحی شهرهای مقدس کینشاسا (کنگو) و دودوما (تانزانیا) در سالهای پس از استقلال
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|147856||2017||27 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Progress in Planning, Available online 10 May 2017
After independence in the early 1960s, new nation states in sub-Saharan Africa started a long and often ambiguous process of nation-building. This process of nation-building was also literally a process of building as the newly independent states initiated large-scale building projects by which they aspired to represent their power in the urban space, as well as break with the material legacies of the colonial past. Yet, even though the new regimes strived for new norms and forms to express their identity as new and independent Africans states, because of a lack of expertise and funds, they mostly commissioned foreign architects within the framework of development programs, thereby clearly mirroring colonial practices. This article retraces the intricate web of foreign development experts and networks of aid underpinning the âarchitecture of nation-buildingâ in two postâindependence capital cities: Kinshasa (DRCongo) and Dodoma (Tanzania). This comparative analysis brings to the fore the various motives behind the foreign investments in the African nation-building projects in an era dominated by Cold War antagonism, as well as the diverse strategies deployed by African states to turn the competing networks of Cold War solidarity to their own advantage. Considering the vast reliance on development aid, I argue that the âarchitecture of nation-buildingâ in Kinshasa and Dodoma is not primarily representing national identity, but is foremost an expression of the new âpartnerships in developmentâ concluded in the post-independence years, as well as the failure of these partnerships in terms of achieving the initial development goals. Moreover, bearing in mind Chinaâs role in the implementation, I state that while the âarchitecture of nation-buildingâ in both cities clearly represents the regime of development aid, it does so in a way that profoundly differs from what was originally intended.