|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|148306||2018||63 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Applied Thermal Engineering, Volume 138, 25 June 2018, Pages 18-34
This paper compares off-design performances of the basic organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and the parallel dual-pressure organic Rankine cycle (PDORC) for low temperature hot water. Off-design models of the basic ORC and the PDORC are established based on specially designed plate heat exchangers and radial inflow turbines. The particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm is applied to obtain optimal operating parameters. The sliding pressure operation is adopted for different conditions in terms of corresponding hot water parameters and saturated condensing temperature. The results indicate that the efficiency of the low-pressure radial turbine is more strongly affected by the hot water mass flow rate ratio than that of the high-pressure radial turbine does in the PDORC. Radial inflow turbine efficiencies of the basic ORC and the PDORC are more strongly influenced by the saturated condensing temperature than the hot water inlet temperature. The ratio of the high-pressure subcycle net power to the low-pressure subcycle net power in the PDORC decreases obviously with the increase of the hot water mass flow rate ratio or the decrease of the saturated condensing temperature. The ratio of the PDORC net power to the basic ORC net power decreases to the minimum before increasing with the increase of the hot water mass flow rate ratio, while this net power ratio decreases with the increase of the hot water inlet temperature or the decrease of the saturated condensing temperature.