|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|149902||2017||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9590 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, Volume 28, December 2017, Pages 1-11
While there is an increasing number of studies on the experience of urban forests, few have examined the similarities and differences between first time visitors, repeat visitors, and local residents in their perceptions of urban forests for leisure. This study fills this research gap using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), based on data collected on-site from a year-long survey of 1090 participants in Washington D.C. Results indicate that participants are generally positive on urban forestsâ value for leisure and are highly satisfied with their leisure experience in the city, with âbeliefs in parks and gardensâ and âbeliefs in street treesâ being assessed the highest and lowest, respectively. The study also finds that interaction effects do exist between gender, season, location, and past experience, suggesting respondentsâ visiting experience with urban forests is multidimensional, contextual, and situational. Specifically, the older the respondents are, the more positive their responses would be. A location with diverse and dense urban forests is more likely to stimulate positive perceptions, particularly for first timers. In addition, residents tend to focus on recreational aspects of urban forests as opposed to visitors, especially repeaters who are more likely to value the visual and aesthetic aspects of urban forests. This is not only evidenced by the ANCOVA results whereas fall and summer, the best seasons for pursuing outdoor activities, are highly positively perceived by residents, but also by the SEM analyses which show that street trees significantly contribute to repeatersâ satisfaction via their perceptions of âleisure value of urban forestsâ while no such relationship exists for first timers and residents. Urban parks and gardens are found to significantly and positively contribute to respondentsâ visiting experience, which, in turn, leads to satisfaction for each respondent group. Finally, research limitations and theoretical, methodological, and managerial implications are discussed.