|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|151186||2017||14 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9868 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, Volume 171, December 2017, Pages 366-379
The accuracy of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to model the airflow around the buildings in the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is directly linked to the utilized turbulence model. Despite the popularity and their low computational cost, the current Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) models cannot accurately resolve the wake regions behind the buildings. The default values of the RANS models' closure coefficients in CFD tools such as ANSYS CFX, ANSYS FLUENT, PHOENIX, and STAR CCM+Â are mainly adapted from other fields and physical problems, which are not perfectly suitable for ABL flow modeling. This study embarks on proposing a systematic approach to find the optimum values for the closure coefficients of RANS models in order to significantly improve the accuracy of CFD simulations for urban studies. The methodology is based on stochastic optimization and Monte Carlo Sampling technique. To show the capability of the method, a test case of airflow around an isolated building placed in a non-isothermal unstable ABL was considered. The recommended values for this case study in accordance with the optimization method were thus found to be 1.45â¤CÎµ1â¤1.5, 2.7â¤CÎµ2â¤3, and 0.12â¤CÎ¼â¤0.15. The default value of Ïk=1 is suggested to be acceptable while the value of ÏÎµ is obtained through a correlation. The error of the estimated reattachment length behind the building decreased form 170% for the default values to 28% for the modified values.