|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|151385||2017||11 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||8717 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Transport Policy, Volume 57, July 2017, Pages 20-30
When infrastructures projects are evaluated, it is not only important to evaluate them with models that represent the average daily situation, but also to evaluate them in case of irregular situations like incidents. This becomes especially relevant when various project alternatives are expected to show significantly different scores in case of incidents. Project alternatives and their road sections have different topological and geometrical characteristics. The focus of this paper is on the following characteristics: hard shoulders, the number of lanes, parallel road structures and weaving sections. The main question that this paper addresses is how these network characteristics affect both the risk of different types of incidents occurring and the effects of those incidents on the network performance (robustness). In order to answer this question, analytical examples are presented for small theoretical networks that give insight into how the selected characteristics affect the total delay caused by incidents and its dependence on the traffic volume, capacity, severity and duration of incidents. A marginal simulation based method is presented that can be used to compute the robustness effects of project alternatives, given their geometrical and topological characteristics, on a network level. A case study for an infrastructure project in the Netherlands is presented that illustrates how the robustness effects of infrastructure projects can be computed given their topological and geometrical characteristics.