دانلود مقاله ISI انگلیسی شماره 151446
کد مقاله سال انتشار مقاله انگلیسی ترجمه فارسی تعداد کلمات
151446 2017 10 صفحه PDF سفارش دهید 6996 کلمه
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عنوان انگلیسی
Livelihood impacts of hydropower projects on downstream communities in central Laos and mitigation measures
منبع

Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)

Journal : Water Resources and Rural Development, Volume 9, June 2017, Pages 46-55

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چکیده انگلیسی

We examine the social impacts of reservoir construction and management on communities located downstream from four hydropower projects in central Laos using the sustainable livelihoods framework to categorise and quantify impacts across environmental, financial, physical, human and social domains. Hydropower projects had profound impacts on the livelihoods of riparian households living downstream of the case study dams. Many were positive. Employment, social programs and infrastructure development were direct benefits. Indirect benefits included improvements in tourism and hospitality facilities as a consequence of hydropower project infrastructure such as access roads. For most case study households, these beneficial impacts outweighed adverse impacts on riverine fisheries. Minimising negative impacts and maximising the potential benefits requires that the construction, operation, and direct and indirect relations of the project operator with the communities meet appropriate standards of social responsibility. Policy implications of the research for hydropower policy in Laos, such as conditioning development, are discussed.

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