|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|151768||2017||9 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||6912 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 153, 1 June 2017, Pages 539-547
The consumption of energy, water and detergents during the washing process of laundry in private households in Germany is remarkably high, with over 5.5Â billionÂ kWh of electricity and 380Â millionÂ m3 of water used every year. In this paper, the work of the research team Simulation WÃ¤schepflege (âLaundry care simulationâ) is presented. This includes insights into the research steps simulation, experimental work and physical textile testing. The main focus is on results from a consumer survey conducted to gain a better understanding of the education level of consumers with respect to laundry care. The washing behavior of 840 consumers in Germany was analyzed in 2012. Consumers were asked questions about themselves and their households, washing machines and practices, laundry sorting and ideas for future washing technologies.