|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|151888||2017||34 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||7630 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Building and Environment, Volume 126, December 2017, Pages 176-183
Residential buildings contributed 14% of Canada's greenhouse gas emissions in 2014, making this sector pivotal to climate change mitigation. In 2016, the provincial government of Ontario, Canada mandated a net-zero carbon standard for new âsmall buildingsâ by 2030, meaning the low-rise residential sector must undergo major changes to meet this target. Through an energy modelling analysis of a typical single-family home in Ontario, this study demonstrates the potential carbon emissions savings of different reduction strategies, including changes to the building envelope and mechanical system. The most effective strategies include increasing building airtightness, installing additional exterior insulation, and switching to an air source heat pump for heating and cooling. These strategies were then analysed based on the incremental cost above a house built to the building code baseline. In terms of cost per kilogram of carbon mitigated, the most efficient strategies are further insulating the basement, adding additional exterior insulation, and increasing the efficiency of the heat recovery ventilator. Finally, a policy discussion demonstrates that carbon reductions implemented at the design stage must be verified and monitored post-occupancy using policy tools such as energy reporting and small-scale performance studies.