پشت سر گذاشتن مردم با بهبود مسکن محور
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||تعداد صفحات مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی|
|151911||2018||16 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Volume 29, August 2018, Pages 84-93
Since 2006 when âBuild Back Betterâ (BBB) was used in Aceh to advocate for post-tsunami recovery that reduces risk and improves people's lives, BBB has become widely-used in disaster risk reduction and recovery, post-disaster recovery plans, and was recently featured in the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. While improving upon pre-disaster conditions is a shared goal for recovery, BBB is shown to be both too broad a term to offer meaningful direction in relation to housing reconstruction, and also used too narrowly to describe safer construction without holistic consideration of what is âbetterâ for people's lives. This paper argues that âPeople Centered Housing Recoveryâ (PCHR) can address these limits of BBB and guide post-disaster housing reconstruction with multiple aspects: housing design and form that meet people's needs; genuine participation of empowered residents in decision-making and construction; and holistic policies accountable to all residents. This framework of PCHR is used to examine cases of housing reconstruction and relocation after two disastersâthe 2010 volcanic eruption of Mt. Merapi in Indonesia, and 2013 Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippinesâand PCHR is suggested as a way to think about truly building back better for people.