محدودیت های بدهی های درون زا در مدل چرخه عمر با یک برنامه کاربردی برای امنیت اجتماعی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|1526||2008||15 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||1 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Volume 32, Issue 12, December 2008, Pages 3745–3759
This paper develops a simple life-cycle model that embeds a theory of debt restrictions based on the existence of inalienable property rights à la Kehoe and Levine [1993. Debt constrained asset markets. Review of Economic Studies 60(4), 865–888; 2001. Liquidity constrained markets versus debt constrained markets. Econometrica 69(3), 575–598]. In our environment, net debtors have the option of defaulting on unsecured debt at the cost of being subjected to wage garnishment and/or having some or all of their future assets seized by creditors. One advantage of our framework is that it encompasses two standard versions of the life-cycle model: one with perfect capital markets and one with a non-negative net-worth restriction. We study the impact of a payroll financed social security system to illustrate the role of endogenous debt constraints and compare our results to a model with exogenous debt constraints. Whereas the aggregate effects are similar under both types of constraints, the distributional consequences are found to be significantly different across debt regimes.