|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|152723||2018||8 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||5603 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Preventive Medicine, Volume 106, January 2018, Pages 177-184
Previous studies have investigated spatial patterning and associations of area characteristics with suicide rates in Western and Asian countries, but few have been conducted in the United States. This ecological study aims to identify high-risk clusters of suicide in Ohio and assess area level correlates of these clusters. We estimated spatially smoothed standardized mortality ratios (SMR) using Bayesian conditional autoregressive models (CAR) for the period 2004 to 2013. Spatial and spatio-temporal scan statistics were used to detect high-risk clusters of suicide at the census tract level (NÂ =Â 2952). Logistic regression models were used to examine the association between area level correlates and suicide clusters. Nine statistically significant (pÂ <Â 0.05) high-risk spatial clusters and two space-time clusters were identified. We also identified several significant spatial clusters by method of suicide. The risk of suicide was up to 2.1 times higher in high-risk clusters than in areas outside of the clusters (relative risks ranged from 1.22 to 2.14 (pÂ <Â 0.01)). In the multivariate model, factors strongly associated with area suicide rates were socio-economic deprivation and lower provider densities. Efforts to reduce poverty and improve access to health and mental health medical services on the community level represent potentially important suicide prevention strategies.