دانش سیاست های مدیریت ترافیک هوایی
|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|15324||2003||18 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||9586 کلمه|
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Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : European Journal of Operational Research, , Volume 146, Issue 1, 1 April 2003, Pages 83-100
A new air traffic knowledge management system is vitally important for the safety and efficiency of future air travel. It can be accomplished by developing a new-generation integrated operational decision support for pilots and controllers. At present the knowledge for decision making is only available when the latter parties share it and negotiate it in real-time. A new policy is required with a new management system and an automated planning of conflict-free air space–time allocation accomplished by an agent-based architecture of a global network of integrated operational decision support systems for airports, airlines and air traffic control. This aims at acquiring and monitoring a flow of air space–time knowledge-and-data structures of conflict-free and optimised flights given the available resources, and ensuring their long-term efficiency by an agent-based planning of flight-plan alterations off-line before signs of air space–time conflicts can develop in real-time. The Agents managing parallel knowledge acquisition and reasoning processes allocate air space–time resources according to the technical capabilities of aircraft in response to flight-plan clearance requests. They ensure decision support for efficient flights and use of air space–time, and conflict-free planning for air traffic management.
نتیجه گیری انگلیسی
This policy seeks to ensure more efficient future air traffic control and management by providing an automated global planning of air space–time use as a response to an ever growing and urgent need. Air traffic is increasing and pressure on all airports growing. The air traffic industry is looking for new strategies which will safely add to airspace capacity and make the best use of available resources. It is the claim of this paper that the policy here proposed will enable this to be done. The policy brings conflict-free planning for air traffic supported by a global network of integrated operational decision support systems for airports, airlines and air traffic control. These systems ensure planning of conflict-free AST use off-line before an aircraft can be safely airborne, monitoring the flights and keeping them conflict-free and the air space–time efficiently used in the long term. This means fewer cancelled and delayed flights. It also means easing the workload of the air traffic controllers and securing the efficiency of air traffic management with the fewest interventions in real-time. The policy provides the integrated operational decision support for pilots and controllers. This means better management of knowledge and air traffic. It also saves the airlines a great deal of money, and the passengers a great deal of time.