|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|155037||2018||21 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||12390 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, Available online 9 February 2018
The article is devoted to the reconstruction of the ancient landscape in the territory of the landscape compartment around Adzhiel gully in the Eastern Crimea near the Sea of Azov (further, we will use the words âAdzhiel gullyâ regarding the gully itself and âAdzhiel tractâ regarding the whole territory surrounding the gully). In the period of antiquity, the Bosporan Kingdom included this territory. The migratory routes of the Scythians and other peoples from Europe to Asia passed through the zone. Our studies included a review of available historical sources, data of old and modern topographic maps, satellite and aerial images, soil and geological maps, magnetic prospecting, archeological excavations and surveys. The research resulted in collection of the materials representing the modern state of archeological sites in the zone and ones showing the development stages of the key object â the ancient âBelinskoyeâ hillfort. Based on the results of the work, it was concluded that the anthropogenic impact on the ancient landscapes began during the Upper Paleolithic period and ended, in general, in the late Middle Ages, but the period of maximum anthropogenic changes begins in about II c. AD Ð°nd ends in approximately V c. AD. We drew conclusions about the high degree of preservation of ancient landscapes on the greater part of the tract except for the places where settlements were located directly.