|کد مقاله||سال انتشار||مقاله انگلیسی||ترجمه فارسی||تعداد کلمات|
|156193||2017||49 صفحه PDF||سفارش دهید||14374 کلمه|
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت)
Journal : Protist, Volume 168, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages 12-31
Several distantly related, phagotrophic microeukaryotes share the remarkable ability to perforate foreign cell walls in a well-defined pattern to acquire protoplast material as food. The underlying cellular processes, especially the local application of cell wall degrading agents, are still unexplored. We examined the distribution of F-actin and alpha-tubulin in the algivorous, viridiraptorid amoeboflagellates Orciraptor agilis and Viridiraptor invadens over their life histories using phalloidin conjugates and immunolocalization. During attack, both species form distinctive, F-actin-rich structures at the contact zone to the algal prey cell, which exactly match the species-specific cell wall perforations and resemble invadopodia and podosome rosettes of mammalian cells to a certain extent. Furthermore, F-actin is involved in the extraction of plastid material by Orciraptor and in prey cell invasion by Viridiraptor (here, F-actin localizes to a characteristic hyaline channel, which surrounds the streaming cytoplasm). The digestive-reproductive stages of viridiraptorids display a highly ordered microtubular cytoskeleton, whereas distinct phalloidin-positive actin structures could not be detected. We discuss the presumed function of F-actin during perforation and penetration of the algal cell wall by viridiraptorids, and compare the cytoskeleton architecture of these protoplast feeders to amoeboflagellates from different eukaryotic supergroups.